University of Nicosia Receives Tuition Payment Using Bitcoin

Three Laws of BTC Bull and Bear Cycle and Its Applications — Freezing Point Forecast — One

Three Laws of BTC Bull and Bear Cycle and Its Applications — Freezing Point Forecast — One
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TOKEN Roll x FENBUSHI DIGITAL
Analyst: Song Shuangjie
Special Adviser: Shen Bo Rin
Guide:
The fourth price-rising cycle of BTC might commence around May 2019. The mainstream institutions join the game and ETF might be the driving force of the fourth round of price cycle.
Summary:
BTC has undergone three rounds of price cycles. ‘It is different this time’ has always been a terrible lesson for investors. The tokens, typical represented by BTC, are special in nature to other financial products, which makes it easily get mistaken that BTC will go up straightly and never decline. When the cycle power works, the asset price, which was thought to create a different history, will collapse. There are 3 major rules of the BTC price cycle:
A. BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle. A complete BTC price cycle lasts for about four years. The price-rising section will commence one year ahead of the time before the output is halved. The BTC output was halved for the first time at the end of November 2012, and before that the BTC price touched the bottom in November 2011. The BTC output was halved for the second time in July 2016, as the BTC price touched the bottom in August 2015. As you can see, each time BTC output halving, is the start of a price-rising cycle, and the price speeding up begins with it.
B. BTC price fluctuation range decreases as market value increasing. The BTC’s (in circulation) market value varies with its price fluctuations, which means BTC’s price rising makes its market value increases, and the price fluctuation range decreases. It is similar to the historical process of other asset classes. During the first price cycle, the price of BTC rose by 10636 times which was the biggest gain, and the maximum drawdown was declined by 93.76%. During the second price cycle, the price of BTC rose by 623 times, and declined by 83.93% maximum. During the third price cycle, BTC rose by 98.57 times at most, the maximum declining has not been confirmed yet.
C. The innovation led by BTC is constantly evolving and more and more approved by the mainstream. From BTC to Altcoin, from Altcoin to Crowdsale, there are iconic innovations and applications in every price cycle. In the first cycle, the birth and gradual application of BTC was a landmark event. In the second cycle, with the re-emergence of BTC in 2013, the tide of the Altcoins was rampant, and a large number of Altcoins appeared. In the third cycle, Crowdsale began to be popular around the world, and many websites started to provide Crowdsale's news and discussion forum. Since 2017, Crowdsale has dominated the blockchain investment, far exceeding VCs and corporate investment. With the development of blockchain technology, the evolution of digital certification, the improvement of practitioners' awareness, and the evolution of government regulation, the innovation led by BTC has evolved and is more approved by the mainstream.
The third round of the price cycle might come to an end around May 2019, and followed by the fourth round of price cycle. The maximum rise in the BTC's fourth price-rising cycle will be smaller than last three cycles. BTC's increasing market value demands more capital. Digital token shall embrace supervision to absorb more institutional funds. ETF will be a viable solution. In the future, it will shift from Crowdsale to ETF, and from deregulation to embracing supervision.
Risk Tips: ETFs have put capital amount into this market less than that we expected. Quantum computer technology is advancing by leaps and bounds
Content
1 The First Round of Price Cycle .
2 The Second Round of Price Cycle
3 The Third Round of Price Cycle
4 Three Major Rules of BTC Price Cycle
4.1 BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle
4.2 BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle
4.3 BTC-led innovatioized by the mainstream
5 The new journey of BTC will Start in May 2019
List of Graphs
Graph 1: BTC Price Trend in The First Price Cycle (in USD)
Graph 2: BTC price trend in the second round of price cycle (in USD)
Graph 3: The number of tokens in 2013 has increased significantly Graph 4: BTC price trend in the third round of price cycle (in USD)
Graph 5: VIX index and BTC price are negatively correlated
Graph 6: Crowdsale has dominated blockchain investment since 2017 (millions of US dollars)
Graph 7: A large number of Crypto Funds were established in recent years.
Graph 8: ETH price trend (in USD)
Graph 9: ETH price is positively related to the size of Crowdsale financing
Graph 10: Lightning network capacity continues to grow
Graph 11: The number of lightning network channels continues to grow
Graph 12: The global Crowdsale growth rate slows down in 2018 .
Graph 13: Crowdsale’s fundraising has started to decline since 2018 .
Graph 14: Significant growth in venture capital in the blockchain sector in 2018
Graph 15: BTC block reward trend reduction
Graph 16: BTC price cycle and halving mechanism (in USD)
Graph 17: BTC market value scale trend increase
Graph 18: BTC price fluctuations become smaller
Graph 19: Admission to mainstream institutions has continued since the end of 2018
Graph 20: The third round of the price cycle may be completed around May 2019
Graph 21: The current stage of the price cycle has been probable more than half, and the downside space is limited
History doesn't repeat itself, but it does rhyme. --Mark Twain
‘It is different this time’ has always been a terrible lesson for investors. The tokens, typical represented by BTC, are special in nature to other financial products, which results in producing an idea, in some investors’ mind, that the price of BTC will go up straightly and never decline. When the cycle power works, the asset price, which was thought to create a different history, will collapse. No matter it is the A-share market of 2007 or the one of 2015, or any ‘bubble time’ in human history, the cycle power played its role. As far as BTC is concerned, its price has also experienced three rounds of cycles.
In addition, when the asset price is in a dark period of continuous decline and weak rebound, the power of the cycle also works. As long as it is a valuable asset, its price will eventually bounce back from the bottom. Opportunities have always been there, if you have an asset with high potential in hand. In the dark moments before dawn, the more you are afraid, the more you will be confused. At this time, you have to believe in the value investing. ‘Be fearful when others are greedy and be greedy when others are fearful’, not the other way around. That means, we shall invest reversely, buying undervalued assets gradually in the bottom region of price decline cycle; selling overvalued assets gradually in the top region of price-rising cycle; and following the trend in other time region of the cycle.
1 The First Round of Price Cycle
The first round of BTC price cycle lasted for 610 days, from March 2010 to November 2011, and in this cycle, BTC price rise rate was the highest of BTCs three price cycles.
The price rise stage of the first round of price cycle, from March 2010 to June 2011, lasted for 447 days. The starting price was 0.003 USD/piece, and the highest price was 31.91 USD/piece, the rise rate reached 10,636 times. The price decline section of the first round of price cycle, from June 2011 to November 2011, lasted for 163 days. In this price decline section, the starting price of BTC was $31.91 per piece, and the lowest price was $1.99 per piece. The decline rate was 94%.
On May 22, 2010, the famous BTC Pizza dealt. Laszlo Hanyecz from Jacksonville, FL, bought two pizzas with 10,000 BTCs. Each price ofBTC is less than 0.01US dollars.
In the first round of the price cycle, there is no explicit positive or negative factors causing BTC's price huge fluctuation. Fluctuations are more like in a “natural” situation. Before the first BTC bubble bursted in November 2011, its price was in a trend of increasing. The reason of rise was that the price base of BTC was very low. With the understanding of BTC gradually getting better, the demand increased, and then, the price rose. For example, June 2011, WikiLeaks and some organizations began accepting BTC donations.
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2 The Second Round of Price Cycle
The second round of BTC price cycle lasted for 1377 days, from November 2011 to August 2015, and in this cycle, the price of BTC exceeded gold for the first time.
The price rise stage of the second round of price cycle, from November 2011 to November 2013, lasted for 743 days. The starting price was $1.99 USD/piece, and the highest price was 1,242 USD/piece, the rise rate reached 623 times. The price decline section of the second round of price cycle. From November 2013 to August 2015, lasted for 634 days. In this price decline stage, the starting price of BTC was 1,242 USD per piece, and the lowest price was 199.57 USD per piece. The decline rate was 84%.
At the second price cycle, the range of application of BTC has been greatly expanded. In November 2012, WordPress began to accept BTC; and in October 2013, the world's first BTC ATM was deployed in a coffee shop in Vancouver where customers could buy and sell BTC. In November 2013, the University of Nicosia announced accepting BTC for tuition, the university's chief financial officer called it "gold of tomorrow"; In addition to some underground economy and gray economy began to accept BTC, BTC is also getting closer to daily life.
The success of BTC popularized altcoins. The first type of altcoin LTC (Litecoin) was created in October 2011, and it is the time when the BTC price came to the end of price decline. In 2011, Namecoin and SwiftCoin were born successively. In 2012, Bytecoin and Peercoin were issued, however, BTC was still in the stage of rising slowly from the bottom, and the market was not hot. Along with the re-emergence of BTC in 2013, the tide of the altcoins is rampant, and a large number of altcoins are issued. According to CoinMarketCap data, there were 66 kinds of altcoins at the end of 2013, while there were less than 10 at the beginning of the year.
The safe-haven properties of BTC are widely approved. BTC was a choice for people in many countries that are in crises. The residents flocked to BTC, hoping to maintain assets value through BTC. This phenomenon has occurred many times during the European debt crisis. For example, in early 2013, in order to get the bailout, the Cyprus government imposed taxes on deposits and imposed strict capital controls. In order to prevent property from shrinking, the Cypriot people rushed to bank runs and exchanged their currencies for BTC. The price of BTC quickly rose from 30 something to 265 US dollars.

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Due to the lack of supervision, BTC is often affected by negative events, which makes the market confidence in the danger of collapsing. In October 2013, the FBI seized approximately 26,000 BTCs from the Silk Road website, causing the BTC price to collapse to 110 US dollars. On December 5, 2013, the People's Bank of China banned the use of BTC by Chinese financial institutions, which made the price of BTC declined. In February 2014, Mt. Gox, the largest BTC exchange at the time, said that 850,000 BTCs of its customers were stolen, worth nearly 500 million US dollars, and BTC prices fell nearly half, from 867 to 439 US dollars.
The emergence of a large number of altcoins caused market bleeding. Since 2014, the number of altcoins has exploded. By August 2015, the number has reached 556, resulting in diversion of funds and market expansion. On May 1, 2013, BTC accounted for 94.29% of the market value of all tokens, and the market value of other tokens except the top 10 tokens was about 1%. By August 25, 2015, the proportion of BTC is about 83%, and the other tokens account for 4%, which is obvious.
No matter how magical token is, it is still a kind of asset. The mean return of value is a basic common sense of investment. The value will pull the price back to it, just like the gravity. The risk increases with the price rises, and the value appears when the price declines. In the rising section of this cycle, the price of BTC rose by 623 times, which is a great rise rate. When the price is too high, and the potential return in the future is insufficient, the attractiveness to new investors will fall, and the old investors will leave and look for more lucrative assets. Once the power of trend investors exhausted, the trend will reverse.
3 The Third Round of Price Cycle
The third round of price cycle of BTC is not over and is currently in the downward phase of the cycle. The price increased from August 2015 and lasted for 845 days till December 2017. The starting price of the price-rising cycle BTC was 199.57 USD/piece, and the highest price was close to 20,000 USD/piece. The rise rate is up to 99 times. Since December 2017, the price started to decline. The price has fallen to the lowest 3,191.30 US dollars up to now, a drop of 84%.
BTC networks expanded rapidly, and BTC has gained increasing recognition among legislators and traditional financial companies. Studies have shown that by November 2013, the commercialization of BTC is no longer driven by the underground economy, but by legitimate businesses. During this price cycle, people from more countries can get in touch with, select, trade and use BTC on a daily basis. In January 2016, Bitcoin computing capacity reached 1 exahash/S for the first time; In March 2016, the Japanese cabinet acknowledged that BTC has a function similar to real money. In 2017, Norway's largest online bank Skandiabanken integrated BTC accounts. In December 2017, Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) officially launched BTC futures, which is an important step for BTC to take toward mainstream investment. In October 2018, Fidelity launched its independent subsidiary Fidelity Digital Asset Services to provide digital asset services to institutional customers. In December 2018, the first round of financing was completed by the token exchange Bakkt launched by the Intercontinental Exchange. In February 2019, Nasdaq officially launched - Bitcoin Liquid Index (BLX) and Ethereum Liquid Index (ELX)- two indexes. The pension fund of US invests in the encryption fund, the mainstream organization is accelerating, and the relevant infrastructure is gradually improved.
BTC has become a risky asset. Under the current “three lows” environment - low interest rates, low spreads and low volatility, investors are seeking high returns, which leads to excessive financial risk behaviors and complacency, investors' risk appetite, and high leverage tools and the acceptance of high-risk products has increased, arbitrage transactions have prevailed, liquidity mismatches have been severe, and the overall market is fragile. As the results we can see that, the price of BTC is increasingly correlated with the VIX index (Chicago Options Exchange Volatility Index). A lower VIX index indicates that investors expect less volatility, while a higher VIX indicates higher expected volatility. The lower VIX index indicates that investors are optimistic about S&P 500, while the higher VIX means that investors are uncertain about the market outlook. When market volatility declines, investors buy stocks and other types of risk assets, when the market volatility rises, investors sell risky assets.
Risk assets will be dumped when risk appetite reduces panic market. BTC bid farewell to the nature of safe-haven assets and become a risky asset. Since December 2017, with the decline of the VIX index, the price of BTC rises, and the price of BTC is negatively correlated with the VIX index. At the beginning of 2018, the VIX index skyrocketed and BTC fell rapidly. In October 2018, the global market risk aversion trend increased, the VIX index went up, and the BTC price also fell sharply.

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Crowdsale has become the main financing method in the blockchain field. Crowdsale was born in the second round of the price cycle, Mastercoin did the world's first Crowdsale in July 2013. In 2014, Ethereum also raised funds through Crowdsale, when the price of ETH was less than 0.22 USD per piece. After 2016, when it is in the third price cycle, Crowdsale is popular around the world, and many websites began to provide information and discussion communities for Crowdsale. From a global perspective, Crowdsale has dominated the blockchain investment since 2017, far exceeding VCs and corporate investment. In 2017, Crowdsale raised 7.4 billion US dollars, and in the first half of 2018, Crowdsale Raised 12 billion US dollars.
The Crypto Fund emerged. Along with the Crowdsale boom, a large number of Crypto Funds were created. The number of Crypto Funds newly established in 2017 was nearly 200, far exceeding the total amount of the Crypto funds created in previous years, which fully demonstrated that, with the rise in the price of the token, the enthusiasm of funds to blockchain field is high.

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The rise of blockchain 2.0, the Crowdsale tide pushed ETH up nearly 10,000 times. In the third round of the BTC (Token) price cycle, the biggest star is not BTC, but ETH. Crowdsale after 2016, issued tokens mainly through Ethereum, which represented the rise of ETH in the blockchain 2.0 era. Crowdsale prosperity boosted the rise of ETH. On January 13, 2018, the price of ETH rose to a peak of 1,432.88 US dollars per piece, which is 6512 times rise rate comparing to its initial price.
The ETH price has a significant positive correlation with the growth rate of Crowdsale financing. The growth rate of Crowdsale financing decreased by 69.23% in 2015, the price of ETH decreased by 66.30% in the same year. In 2016, the growth rate of Crowdsale financing increased by 2737.5%, and ETH increased by 753.74%. In 2017, the growth rate of Crowdsale financing increased by 3,159.91%, and ETH rose by 8809.91%.

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Plan for public blockchain performance improvement emerged, and significant progress were made in lightning network. With the popularization of blockchains, the congestion of BTC and other public chains has gradually emerged, and performance has become one of the bottlenecks in the blockchain industry. In 2018, the performance-improvement plan of the public blockchain emerged. Improvements were made to the difference in blockchain logical architecture, including on-chain capacity expansion schemes by improving consensus mechanism and sharing, and off-chain capacity expansion schemes by status channel, sidechain, off-chain computing, and Layer 0 expansion scheme that enhance the scalability of the blockchain by optimizing the underlying data transmission protocol of the blockchain. Since the main net of BTC lightning network goes live, the number and capacity of channels have been increasing. As of March 10, 2019, the capacity has reached 790 BTC, and the number of channels has reached 35,464.

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Note: The Unique channel refers to the channel that is directly connected to the node for the first time, and the Duplicate channel refers to the channel between the nodes that have been connected.
The standardization of the token is promoted. On January 22, 2018, South Korea required all BTC dealers to disclose their identity, thereby prohibiting anonymous trading of BTC. During the first quarter of 2018, Facebook, Google and Twitter prohibited the promotion of Crowdsale, while the US Securities and Exchange Commission investigated a large number of Crowdsale projects, and issued bans to some Crowdsale projects. Regardless of the government's attitude towards the token, it is committed to incorporating the token into the regulatory framework for legal compliance.
The Crowdsale bubble bursted and the magical story is no longer magical. According to incomplete statistics, in 2017, 871 Crowdsale were completed in the world. These projects involved directions as distributed analogous Facebook, twitter, amazon, and next-generation public chain (blockchain 3.0), etc. These projects have raised a large amount of funds, but the actual operating is worrying. The promotion of the project dissipated a large amount of funds, but the actual development progress was far less than expected, resulting in the market's expectation failure and the diversion of funds from the mainstream token. Superimposed the impact of more and more negative news, technical adjustment requirements and market sentiment fluctuation. The market enters a negative cycle, as the decline begins.

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In 2018, there has been rapid growth in venture capital in the blockchain sector, indicating that venture capital still have good expectations about the application and future prospects of the blockchain. According to Coindesk data, the risk investment in the blockchain sector in 2018 reverse the decline of 2017, year-on-year increase of 257%, and the total amount for the year 2018 reached 3.1 billion US dollars.

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BTC peaked first. In terms of time, in the third round of the price cycle, the first to peak is BTC, which reached 19,870.62 USD per piece in December 2017. The peak of ETH happened later than BTC, in January 2018. EOS did not peak until April. The important reason for BTC to peak first is that the amount of funds needed to support the BTC market value scale is the largest. When the market’s ability to carry on is not enough, it is inevitable for the price of BTC to react first.
4 Three Major Rules of BTC Price Cycle
The price cycle of BTC has obvious regularity, and some unchanging factors determine the price fluctuation of BTC.
4.1 BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle
One full BTC price cycle lasts approximately four years. In the first round of price cycles, the measure of time span is not reliable because of the availability of BTC trading prices. The second round of the price cycle lasted for 1,377 days, from November 2011 to August 2015, about four years.
The price-rising cycle of BTC is closely related to its halving period, and the price-rising cycle starts one year before each halving. At the end of November 2012, the first production of BTC was halved, that is, the number of BTC generated by each block was 25, and in November 2011, the price of BTC has bottomed out, and the halving of BTC is one year after the second price-rising cycle. In July 2016, production of BTC was halved the second time, that is, the number of BTC generated by each block was 12.5. In August 2015, BTC had already bottomed out, and BTC's production was reduced again one year after the third price-rising cycle started.

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BTC output halving blows the horn of each price-rising cycle, and the price speeding up begin. Although it is not BTC output halving that brings the price-rising cycle, but the halving of BTC output significantly reduced the growth rate of BTC supply, speeding up the rise of BTC price and the price-rising cycle. From November 2011 to November 2012, before the halving of BTC output, BTC increased by 6.74 times in one year. From November 2012 to November 2013, BTC price increased by 99.57 times. In the third price-rising cycle, BTC price rose by a maximum of 2.87 times in about 11 months before the production cut. After halving, BTC price rose by a maximum of 29.73 times in about 11 months.

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4.2 BTC price cycle is closely related to its halving cycle
The change in the market value scale of BTC (circulation) is mainly caused by its price fluctuations, and has little to do with the changes in the total amount of BTC output. According to CMC data, by April 28, 2013, the total amount of BTC that had been mined was about 11.18 million pieces, which is more than 53% of the total amount of BTC of 21 million pieces. The halving mechanism of BTC also accelerated the marginal decline of BTC total growth rate. Compared with the amount of BTC already mined, the new supply of BTC is very insignificant. In addition, the volatility of BTC prices far exceeds the volatility of BTC's total output, and the market value of BTC fluctuates with its price.
The market value of BTC has increased in trend. Because of the trend of BTC price-rising, the number of BTC total output has also increased in one direction, and the market value of BTC has increased in the long run. According to CMC data, on April 28, 2013, BTC's market value in circulation was only 1.5 billion US dollars. By the peak of the third price-rising cycle, the market value increased to 326.1 billion US dollars, and the current market value also reached 113.8 billion US dollars, increased by 74.87 times.
The price volatility of BTC is gradually getting smaller. With the increasing of BTC market value in trend, the BTC market is becoming more and more mature, more and more accepted by the public, more and more professional organizations are participating, the compliance operation is becoming mainstream, and the BTC price volatility is decreasing. Similar to the historical process of other asset classes, and the same thing is repeated again and again. In the first price cycle, the price of BTC increased by 10636 times, and the fell by 93.76% maximum. In the second price cycle, the price of BTC increased by 623 times, and fell by 83.93% maximum. In the third price cycle, the maximum increase of BTC price was 98.57 times, and the biggest decline has not been confirmed

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4.3 BTC-led innovation continues to evolve and is more and more recognized by the mainstream
From BTC to Altcoin, from Altcoin to Crowdsale, there are iconic innovations and applications in every price cycle. In the first cycle, the birth and gradual application of BTC was a landmark event. In the second cycle, with the re-emergence of BTC in 2013, the tide of the Altcoins was rampant, and a large number of Altcoins appeared. In the third cycle, Crowdsale began to be popular around the world, many websites started to provide Crowdsale's news and discussion forum. Since 2017, Crowdsale has dominated the blockchain investment, far exceeding VCs and corporate investment.
The original intention of Nakamoto to create BTC is to establish a more efficient means of trading that can be electronically transferred in a safe, verifiable and non-tamperable form. During the early days of bitcoin and blockchain development, this drove the development of most applications of BTC and blockchain. However, with the development of blockchain technology, the evolution of digital token, the recognition of practitioners, and the evolution of government regulation, the changes led by BTC continue to evolve and gain more mainstream recognition.
More and more countries recognize that the blockchain reflects its unique value in many fields. The government has gradually incorporated digital token into regulation, and mainstream institutions are increasingly recognizing BTC. In 2017, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange (CME) officially launched BTC futures, as BTC took an important step toward mainstream investment, improving the accessibility of BTC to traditional financial institutions. In March 2017, Cameron's Cliveworth and Taylor W. Crawworth brothers attempted to submit an application to the US Securities and Exchange Commission for BTC ETF (transactional open-ended index fund). Although on September 22, 2018, US Securities and Exchange Commission rejected nine BTC ETF applications, the approval of BTC ETF application is a high probability event in the long run. With the continuous improvement of related infrastructure and the gradual maturity of the market, the pace of institutional entry has shown signs of acceleration. Since the end of 2018, news about the organization of encrypted assets by mainstream institutions has continued.

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5 The new journey of BTC will Start in May 2019
The fourth price-rising cycle of BTC will start in May 2019, and mainstream institutions will enter the market, while ETF may become the core trend of the fourth round of BTC price cycle.
From the perspective of supply, the third halving of BTC begins around May 21, 2020. The price-rising cycle of BTC is closely related to its halving period. The price-rising cycle starts about one year before halving. From this perspective, the BTC price-rising cycle may be opened around May 2019.

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From the time dimension, the complete BTC price cycle lasts for about four years. The third round of the price cycle, which started in August 2015, will be completed around August 2019, and the fourth round of the price cycle of BTC will begin thereafter. Considering that the data in the second round of the price cycle is more reliable, only the second round of price cycle data is used as the measurement standard, the complete price cycle is 1377 days, about 3 years and 9 months, and the third round price cycle may end around May 2019.
Combined with the previous two BTC price cycles, the downturn phase of the current price cycle has been probably more than half, and further downside space is limited. In the first two rounds of the price cycle, the duration of the downlink phase is less than the duration of the uplink phase. The duration of the third phase of the price cycle has been confirmed (845 days), while the duration of the downturn phase has been more than half of the upstream phase (450 days). From the first two rounds of the price cycle, the rapid decline in prices occurred in the early stage of the downtrend phase. The price fluctuations of BTC in the second half of the downturn phase have been significantly reduced. The BTC price declines reached 61% in the first half and 74% in the second round of the price cycle, and the corresponding maximum declines in BTC were 94% and 84% respectively. In the current round of the price cycle, the biggest drop has reached 84%, so take it from now, even if the price is further down, the downside space is already limited.
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Note: The data of the third round of the price cycle and the total duration are up to March 12, 2019.
From the price dimension, the downside space of the current round of BTC prices is limited, and the maximum increase of BTC's fourth price-rising cycle will become smaller. In the first price cycle, the price of BTC increased by 10636 times, and fell by 93.76% maximum. In the second price cycle, the price of BTC increased by 623 times, and fell by 83.93% maximum. In the third price cycle, the maximum increase of BTC price was 98.57 times, and the biggest decline has not been confirmed. On February 6, 2018, BTC fell to a minimum of 3,191.30 US dollars per piece, drop by 84.07%, has reached the low of second round of price cycle, from the perspective of price adjustment, BTC price downside has been more limited. The maximum increase in the fourth price-rising cycle of BTC will be smaller.
From the perspective of risk, after a year of continuous adjustment, BTC prices have fully fallen, risks have been gradually released, and investor’s risk appetite has risen to create favorable conditions for BTC prices to stabilize. Beginning at the end of December 2018, the VIX index has fallen, and now it has reached 15 or below. The investor's risk appetite has gradually picked up, creating favorable conditions for the BTC price to rise stably.
Last but not least, from the perspective of capital, the mainstream institutions accelerated their entry and many positive signals were released. With the continuous improvement of related infrastructure and the gradual maturity of the market, the pace of institutional entry has shown signs of acceleration. Since 2018, on the one hand, the entry of mainstream institutions can bring incremental funds to the entire market, on the other hand, it also contributes to the formal development of the entire industry.
The value of the BTC's market value in circulation continues to increase, and the digital token embraces regulation. It is expected that the ETF will be the core trend in the fourth price cycle. As the value of the BTC and digital token market increases, their use will be more tied-up to legitimate use than illegal activities. According to the US Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) data, only 10% of the current BTC transactions is related to illegal activities and 90% is used for legal transactions. BTC's increasingly large market value requires more financial support. Digital token will embrace supervision to absorb more funds, and ETF will be a viable solution. In the future, there is going to be an evolution from Crowdsale to ETF, from regulation to embrace supervision.
Note:
Although in this report, we try to predict the bottom and time of Token, especially BTC, by using time and space cycle, we would like to tell investors that it is very dangerous to invest basing on a specific dot and time. An investment shall base on the assessment of the value of the token.
Here are our suggestions: 1. Do not try to predict the market. Mistakes are liable to happen when you try to predict market harshly. 2. Feel the cycle. Cycle is always there, because of the constant human nature;3. Be with a good Token, which will bring you more chance to win. 4.Keep valuation in mind. The most important thing in value investing is to keep the valuation in mind. If the price is reasonable, everything is getable. The key is the difference between price and value (Absolute valuation method is not available with Token because of its specialty. However, a relative valuation method can be applied. Please refer to Token Toll’s report series).
Notions:
For some reasons, some definition in this report are not very defined, such as: Token, Digital Token, Digital Currency, Currency, Crowdsale, etc.
If you have any questions, be free to call us to discuss with us.

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Ether Thief Remains Mystery Year After $55 Million Digital Heist

Ether Thief Remains Mystery Year After $55 Million Digital Heist 2017-06-13 08:00:18.224 GMT
By Matthew Leising (Bloomberg Markets) -- Summer colds are the worst, and Emin Gün Sirer had caught a wicked bug from his 1-year-old son. So it was with watering eyes and a stuffy nose that the associate professor of computer science at Cornell found himself working from his sickbed on Monday, June 13, 2016. Gün—everyone calls him Gün—couldn’t tear himself away from his laptop. He had another type of bug in his sights, a flaw in a line of computer code he feared put $250 million at risk of being stolen. It wasn’t just any code. It was the guts of the newest breakthrough in software design related to blockchain, the novel combination of decentralized computing and cryptography that gave life to the virtual currency bitcoin in 2009. Since then, the promise of blockchain to transform industries from finance to health care has captured imaginations in corporate boardrooms and governments alike. Yet what the Turkish-born professor was exploring that Monday was the next leap forward from bitcoin, what’s known as the ethereum blockchain. Rather than moving bitcoin from one user to another, the ethereum blockchain hosts fully functioning computer programs called smart contracts—essentially agreements that enforce themselves by means of code rather than courts. That means they can automate the life cycle of bond payments, say, or ensure that pharmaceutical companies can authenticate the sources of their drugs. Yet smart contracts are also new and mostly untested. Like all software, they are only as reliable as their coding—and Gün was pretty sure he’d found a big problem. In an email sent to one of his graduate students, Philip Daian, at 7:30 p.m., Gün noted that the smart contract he was looking at might have a problem—on line 666. (They say the devil is in the details.) Gün feared the bug could allow a hacker to make unlimited ATM-like withdrawals from the millions, even if the attacker, who’d have needed to be an investor, had only $10 in his account. This staggering amount of money lived inside a program called a decentralized autonomous organization, or DAO. Dreamed up less than a year earlier and governed by a smart contract, the DAO was intended to democratize how ethereum projects are funded. Thousands of dreamers and schemers and developers who populate the cutting edge of computer science, most of them young, had invested in the DAO. This was real money, a quarter of a billion dollars, their money, meant to build a better version of the world, and every cent was at risk. Gün, who wears his dark hair short and looks a decade younger than his 45 years, had already been tracking and publicizing flaws in the DAO’s design. A few weeks earlier, on May 27, along with two colleagues, he’d urged investors to stop buying into the DAO until security issues could be fixed. It had been too late, however, and the program went live the next day. Smart contracts such as the DAO are built to be entirely reliant on their code once released on the ethereum blockchain. That meant the DAO code couldn’t be fixed. Other blockchain experts—including Peter Vessenes, co-founder of the Bitcoin Foundation—had also pointed out security flaws in the smart contract, but Gün appears to be the first to pinpoint the flaw that put the money in jeopardy. The problem was the code was so new that no one knew what to ­expect—or even if there was actually a problem in the first place. Gün had his doubts, too. This wasn’t even his job. He does this for fun. Daian didn’t think they’d found anything either. Over email, he said, “We might be up the creek ;).” Later, when Gün pointed to the error in line 666, Daian replied, “Don’t think so.” Gün says, “We don’t sound the alarm bell every time we find a bug that seems suspicious.” Instead, he went to bed to try to kill his cold—the one bug he knew to be real. “I was too miserable to sort it out,” he says. Four days later, Christoph Jentzsch lay on the floor of his home office, taking deep breaths, trying not to panic. It was Friday morning, and software developers all over the Western world were waking up to the news that the DAO, which Jentzsch had created, was being attacked. Gün had been right. Jentzsch, who has dark hair and a perpetual five o’clock shadow, lives with his family in the Mittweida region of Germany, a rural spot not far from the Czech border. Mornings in the Jentzsch household are a whirlwind as he and his wife get their five children—age 2 to 9—fed and off to school. Yet today, after his brother Simon woke him with a call that the DAO was being hacked, Jentzsch had to ignore his familial duties. “You’ve got the kids,” he told his wife. “I have an emergency.”
This is the story of one of the largest digital heists in history. And while you may have heard last year that hackers breached Swift, the bank-to-bank messaging system, and stole $81 million from Bangladesh’s central bank, the DAO attack is in a different category altogether. It played out in front of anyone who cared to watch and couldn’t be stopped. Just as the global WannaCry ransomware attack in May laid bare weaknesses in computer operating systems, the DAO hack exposed the early frailties of smart-contract security and left many in the community shaken because they hadn’t found the bug in time. The aftermath would eventually pit good hackers against bad ones—the white hats vs. the black hats—in the strange and futuristic- sounding DAO Wars. The roots of the DAO belong to an idea Jentzsch borrowed from another internet-fueled phenomenon: crowdfunding. The 32- year-old Jentzsch, a theoretical physicist by training, and a few colleagues started Slock.it in 2015. As they considered how to fund the company, Jentzsch approached it as many had—sell a digital currency, effectively a token, to raise cash. But why should each new startup have to program its own initial coin offering? Jentzsch wondered. What if one huge fund ruled them all? He introduced his idea to the world at DevCon 1 in London in November 2015. “What is the blockchain way of creating a company?” Jentzsch asked his audience. “Of course, it has to be a DAO.” It would work like this: Ether, a virtual currency like bitcoin, would be used to fund and develop applications on the ethereum blockchain—things such as making a music app similar to iTunes or a ride-sharing service along the lines of Uber. Investors would buy DAO tokens with their ether; the tokens would allow them to vote to fund projects they liked. If the app they backed made money, the token holder shared in the profit. In the six months he spent creating the DAO, Jentzsch thought it would raise $5 million. From April 30 to May 28, the DAO crowdfunding pulled in $150 million. That’s when ether traded just below $12. As the price of ether rose in the following weeks to $20.75 the day before the attack, so too did the value of the DAO, putting a $250 million target on this thing Jentzsch had unknowingly brought into the world with a fatal, original sin. “Our hope was it would be the center of a decentralized sharing economy,” says Jentzsch, who now regrets not capping the amount raised. “For such a big experiment, it was way too early.” In the weeks after the attack, Jentzsch and the rest of the ethereum community would come to grips with their own crisis that, writ small, echoed the bank bailouts and government rescues of 2008. “It became too big to fail,” he says. But why would anyone invest in the DAO in the first place? It has something to do with the strain of digital libertarianism at the heart of the ethereum community, much like the set of beliefs that led to the birth of bitcoin. Think of bitcoin as the first global currency whose use can’t be stopped by governments or corporations; on top of that, bitcoin is almost impossible to hack. Ethereum, then, is another level beyond. It’s an uncensorable global computer. As amazing and unprecedented as that is, it’s also a bit terrifying. Brought to life, the DAO ended up staggering off the table and turning on the community that wanted it so badly. Accustomed to working into the night to stay in touch with colleagues in North America, Jentzsch blows off steam by jogging or kayaking on the nearby Zschopau River. Yet on that Friday morning, he had the more pressing task of pulling himself up off the floor and dealing with the attack. “I went into emergency mode: Don’t try to save the DAO,” he says. “No, it’s over.”
It was far from over. Several hours later and half a world away from the Jentzsch household in Mittweida, Alex Van de Sande was waking up in his apartment in the Copacabana neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro. The baby-faced ethereum developer had been born in the small fishing village of Santa Cruz Cabrália in the Bahia region of Brazil and moved with his parents to Rio when he was about 3 years old. These days he’s known as “avsa” on Reddit and Twitter. After reaching for his phone to see why it was blowing up with Skype messages, he turned to his wife and said, “Remember when I was telling you about that huge unhackable pile of money?” She nodded. “It’s been hacked,” he told her. His first thought was to get his DAO tokens out. He owned about 100,000 of them, valued at about $15,000 at the time. He’s the lead designer of the Ethereum Wallet app, a program that allows him and anyone else to interact with the blockchain. Van de Sande scrambled to log in to it, but his password didn’t work. It was glitching, and as he worked to fix it, his panic subsided. He realized he shouldn’t be bailing on the DAO but trying to save it. And to do that, he needed Griff. Griff Green, who’s worked variously as a massage therapist in Los Angeles and a community organizer in Seattle, is one of only a handful of people in the world who holds a master’s degree in digital currencies. He got it online, natch, from the University of Nicosia. A self-described “dreamer,” the 32-year- old is the closest thing Ethereumville has to a mayor. Green knows everybody; in fact, he’d been the first to relay word of the attack to Simon, Jentzsch’s brother and a co-founder of Slock.it. Green had been working for Slock.it for about six months by then and woke up that morning in the house belonging to Jentzsch’s mom in Mittweida. Jentzsch is one of nine children, so his mother had a spare bedroom where she could put Green up for a few days. Using his extensive contacts, Green started identifying as many people as he could who were interacting with the DAO—going so far as to ask strangers to send pictures or scans of their IDs—in an attempt to sort friend from foe. And then something strange happened: The attack stopped working. In the six hours since the attack began, the thief had managed to steal 30 percent of the DAO’s 12 million ether—which that day equaled about $55 million. “We don’t even understand why the guy had stopped,” says Van de Sande. Now Green raced to protect the remaining 70 percent of the DAO the attacker hadn’t stolen. Once Van de Sande got in touch with Green in Germany, along with two or three others, the foundation was laid for what would become known as the Robin Hood group—white hat hackers who’d devise a bold good-guy plan to drain the remaining DAO. To save the DAO, they’d have to steal the remaining ether, then give it back to its rightful owners. And yet as they scrambled that Friday, qualms emerged within the group. “What does it even mean to hack something?” Van de Sande asks. No one knew if what they were about to do was legal. Also, wouldn’t their hack look just as bad as the theft they were trying to stop? Then there were the practical issues. “Who pushes the button?” he remembers wondering. Doing so would initiate their counterattack and alert the community. “Someone has to push the button.” The price of ether the night before the attack had hit an all-time high of just above $20. News of the hack sent it tumbling to $15 by the end of Friday, wiping out almost a half- billion dollars in market value. At that price, the DAO still held $125 million, and the Robin Hood group worried the attack would resume. They might be the only line of defense if it did, so Van de Sande agreed to use his DAO tokens to fuel their counterattack, thereby becoming a public face of the group. At this point, it might help to think of the DAO as the spacecraft in Alien after Ripley initiates the self-destruct sequence. To flee, she’s forced to use an escape pod. DAO investors had to initiate a similar sequence to deploy escape pods that would allow them to get their ether out of the DAO. The code that dictated the escape pods’ behavior is where the bug lived, so to steal the remaining DAO funds the Robin Hood group would have to be in a pod to exploit the flaw—and because of the way Jentzsch wrote the DAO, they had only a short window of time and just a few pods to choose from. A few minutes before launching the attack, Van de Sande joked on the group’s Skype chat, “Let’s go rob a bank!” No one laughed. “Not everyone really appreciated the humor,” he says. In his Copacabana apartment, Van de Sande readied to push the button on his laptop. Then, suddenly, he lost his internet connection. His router was down. “I was like, What the f--- is going on here?” he says. He had less than 30 minutes left to execute the Robin Hood hack. He frantically called NET, his Brazilian internet service provider, but couldn’t get past the automated customer ­service experience. He says the robotic voice told him, “We see there’s an internet issue in your neighborhood.” The irony was not lost on him: Here he was trying to steal millions of dollars from a robot but was being waylaid by another robot. “Then we missed,” he says. The window closed. He went from the high of feeling like they were about to come to the rescue of the vulnerable DAO to the crushing low of having their international connection severed by NET’s breakdown. He took his dog, Sapic—named after the one in Pedro Almodóvar’s All About My Mother—for a walk, then crawled into bed, defeated. The next morning was Saturday, and Van de Sande tried to reconvene the Robin Hood group to infiltrate ­another escape pod. But folks were busy and couldn’t get together. “We felt like the worst hackers in history,” Van de Sande says. “We were foiled by bad internet and family commitments.”
Who, exactly, were they at war with? No one really knows, but there are some clues. One address the attacker used is 0xF35e2cC8E6523d683eD44870f5B7c C785051a77D. Got that? Like everything else in a blockchain, a user’s address is an anonymous string of characters. But every address leaves behind a history on the blockchain that’s open for examination. Not that it makes sense to 99.9 percent of humankind, but Green gets it. To pull off his heist, the attacker needed to create a contract that would interact with the DAO. He did so on June 15 and deployed it in the early morning hours two days later, according to Green. Once activated, the attack contract started sending about $4,000 worth of ether through the attacker’s account every three or four minutes to drain the DAO. But where did the original money to fund the attack come from? To interact with the ethereum blockchain, every contract must be funded by an amount of ether. This attack contract was funded by two addresses, but tracing it further back becomes tricky. That’s because the second address used an exchange called ShapeShift to send 52 ether into its account on June 14. ShapeShift doesn’t collect any information on its users and says it turns one virtual currency, such as bitcoin, into another, like ether, in less than 10 seconds. While there are valid reasons for using ShapeShift, it’s also a great way to launder digital assets and ­cover your tracks. After the attack contract stopped working, the thief needed to deploy it again, says Green. He tried but failed, and after a few more transactions, the hack whimpered to an end. (One possible reason the attack stopped, Green says, is that the hacker’s tokens became corrupted, which means he had no way to exploit the bug.) We know this limited amount of one-sided information from the blockchain’s public record. Digital asset exchanges see both sides. An internal investigation by one such exchange concluded that the DAO attacker was likely part of a group, not a lone wolf, based in Switzerland, according to an executive there who wouldn’t speak on the record or allow the company’s name to be used. ­Exchanges are in the unique position of being able to analyze the trading activity of their customers because they know who they are, even if they’re anonymous on the blockchain. The executive says the exchange shared the analysis with the Boston office of the FBI, though there’s been no further contact since October of last year. Cornell’s Gün says he also spoke to the Boston office of the FBI—and to agents in the New York office and to the New York State Attorney General’s Office. “It’s very difficult to coordinate an attack of this kind without leaving breadcrumbs behind,” Gün says. He encouraged the FBI to look at the ethereum testnet, where programmers can run their code in a safe environment to work out kinks. The attacker wouldn’t just launch such a complicated hack without testing it, Gün says he told federal officials, and the feds might be able to get clues to his identity there. Gün says he also pointed them to addresses linked to the attacker, such as the one described above, that were listed by his grad student Daian on his blog. (The FBI declined to comment.) “I’m absolutely amazed. Why has no one traced this back and found out who did it?” asks Stephan Tual, the third co-founder of Slock.it. “It still bugs me to this day, because what that person has done is incredibly unethical.”
On Tuesday, four days after the initial attack, the hacker returned and somehow resumed the heist. The Robin Hood group had feared this moment would come and was ready. Early Sunday morning they’d finally managed to convene online and successfully infiltrate an escape pod, but had held off their counterattack. Now they had no choice. One strike against the group was their distance from one another—one in Rio, others scattered about Europe. (Some of the group’s members didn’t want to be identified for this story.) It was important that they coordinate their activities because, like in Charlie’s Angels, they all had different specialties: Green the community organizer, Van de Sande the public face, others who wrote the Robin Hood group attack contracts. So Van de Sande needed to be walked through the step-by-step hacking process they were about to unleash, because that wasn’t his area of expertise. “I’ll be honest, I was excited,” Green says. “This is the craziest thing that’s ever happened to me. This is the craziest thing that’s almost ever happened to anyone.” Whether it was legal remains an unanswered question. “You literally have cyber ninjas warring on the blockchain,” says Vessenes, the programming expert. “What they’re doing is almost certainly illegal, but they’re claiming it’s for the greater good.” And now it was Van de Sande’s job to let the community know that the Robin Hood group counterattack was benign. He took to Twitter, where he wrote “DAO IS BEING SECURELY DRAINED. DO NOT PANIC.” A nod to the classic Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy, his plea to not panic was met with all the snark and real-life concern Twitter can handle. “NOTHING SAYS DO NOT PANIC LIKE ALL CAPS,” one user responded. “#RealLife is more exciting than

MrRobot !!” tweeted another. Yet as the Robin Hood group attack

gained steam, they noticed something strange and worrisome—the attacker was with them in every escape pod. “We escaped the mother ship, but now we’re alone in space with the alien we were trying to escape,” says Van de Sande. This was a big problem. Because of how Jentzsch wrote his code, the Robin Hood group would have to wait several weeks before they could secure the ether they recovered. Yet if the attacker was in that escape pod with the group, he could just follow them—what’s known as a stalking attack. If the hacker stalked the Robin Hood group, the ether wasn’t really safe after all. “The game only ends when one of these parties doesn’t show up to fight,” Van de Sande says. This, in essence, is the heart of the DAO Wars, the never-ending battle that would have to be waged to keep the recovered ether safe. If only there were a way to reverse the theft once and for all.
What happened next is one of the strangest and most contentious episodes in blockchain’s early history. The morning of July 20 dawned cool and clear in Ithaca, N.Y., the home of Cornell. A weeklong ethereum boot camp on campus had brought developers and programmers from all over the world to town. The mood was anxious, but not because the workshops were about to begin. This was the day the ethereum community would decide to rewrite the past. The weeks since the DAO hack had been filled with acrimonious debate as developers, coders, investors, and other community members considered their options to undo the theft. As the Robin Hood group battled the attacker mostly in private, a public debate was raging. The white hat hackers weren’t the only ones trying to save the DAO. Jentzsch worked almost around the clock, fielding hundreds of requests from DAO investors on what they should do. Vitalik Buterin, 23, who created the ethereum blockchain before he was 20, became a focal point as he led the community through their options. In short, what they could do was change the ethereum blockchain to fix the DAO, but only if they got a majority of computers running the network to agree to a software update. Pull that off, and it’s as though the attack never happened. This is known as a hard fork. The decision stirred such strong reactions that it remains controversial a year later, both within the ethereum community and with bitcoin users who insist a blockchain’s history is never to be tampered with. In an interview in October, Buterin was unapologetic about pushing for the change. “Some bitcoin users see the hard fork as in some ways violating their most fundamental values,” said Buterin, who didn’t respond to requests to speak specifically about this story. “I personally think these fundamental values, pushed to such extremes, are silly.” Within the ethereum community, at least, Buterin’s views won the day, and computer nodes all over the world accepted the fork. Contained in block 1,920,000, the fix to the DAO was simple and did only one thing—if you had ether invested in it, you could now get it out. But why hadn’t the attacker made off with his money? It had been more than a month. The same code that exposed the DAO to the theft, in the end, enabled the ether to be returned. Everything to do with the DAO is a parameter: rules, if-then statements, and more rules that are all finalized before the program is set loose. One of these parameters stated that anyone wanting to get their ether out of the DAO had to wait a certain amount of time—27 days after the initial request, then another seven days. This fail-safe, written by Jentzsch, applied to the attacker as well. So even though somebody had effectively robbed a bank, he then had to wait 34 days before crossing the street to make his getaway. While he was waiting, the money was stolen back. A month after the original heist, the ether thief now had nothing to show for his caper. Back on the Cornell campus, ethereum boot camp attendees celebrated. The next day, Gün brought Champagne to the session he was teaching. He’d pasted makeshift labels on the Chandon bottles with a picture of the utensil that said, “Congratulations on the successful fork.” Then something else unexpected happened. The original ethereum blockchain, the one with the DAO attack in it, kept growing. Imagine a hard fork is a branch of a tree that sprouts in a different direction at the end of the main limb. The end of that limb is supposed to wither after a hard fork, but here it continued to grow as a small group of users continued to process transactions on that version of the blockchain. Instead of dying, this became a second form of ethereum, quickly dubbed ethereum classic, complete with a digital currency that now had value. Even in the ­science fiction world of blockchain, this was an unprecedented turn of events. It meant the DAO attacker suddenly had about 3.6 million ethereum classic coins in his DAO account, known as the DarkDAO, which were slowly gaining in value. The Robin Hood group held about 8.4 million, because in this parallel universe they still controlled 70 percent of the DAO funds they had recovered. The Robin Hood group couldn’t believe it. “We did everything to avoid this, but now we’re being dragged back into this fight,” Van de Sande says. Now, the bitcoin supporters who viewed the hard fork as a violation of the core values of blockchain could back up their belief by buying ethereum classic. That’s exactly what entrepreneur Barry Silbert, a heavyweight in bitcoin circles, did. “Keep in mind, the original chain is ethereum classic,” he says. “The fork is ethereum.” Putting his money where his mouth is, Silbert’s firm, Grayscale Investments, recently issued an investment thesis outlining the benefits to ethereum classic over ethereum. A section heading sums up the rationale: “The DAO and the Death of Principles.” Alexis Roussel, co-founder of Bity.com, a digital currency broker in Switzerland, still marvels at the aftereffects of the hard fork and the wild world of the blockchain. “This is something that doesn’t happen in traditional finance,” he says. “If something happens with Apple, you don’t suddenly have a clone of Apple.”
It’s been about a year since the DAO attack, enough time to take stock of what went wrong. Van de Sande is eager to move on. “It was really just a blip,” he says. “We are ready to move past it and leave the DAO story behind us.” Green, who’s organizing an ethereum conference at this summer’s Burning Man festival in the Nevada desert, has kept a sense of humor about it. “The Robin Hood group was just a s--- show,” he says with a laugh. “I hope the movie portrays it better than it actually was.” As for the bug itself, apparently many smart people looked at the code before Gün but missed one major flaw. The order of commands in the code allowed DAO token holders to withdraw any profit they’d made from their investments. It reads “withdrawRewardFor(msg.sender)” and adds, almost improbably, a note to anyone reading the code that says, “be nice, and get his rewards.” That’s line 667—let’s call it “The Neighbor of the Beast Bug.” If the withdraw line had come after these lines:
totalSupply -= balances[msg.sender]; balances[msg.sender] = 0; paidOut[msg.sender] = 0; return true;
the attack wouldn’t have been possible, Jentzsch says. But if the code had been in the correct order, the reward parameter wouldn’t have worked. As for the note, this line of code was meant to allow investors to withdraw any profit—“Reward”—their investments had earned. Instead it became one of the biggest backdoors in hacking history. It would have been better to not pay rewards during the split function from the DAO, what we’ve been referring to here as the escape pods, according to Jentzsch. Another decision he made when he had no idea of the bug shows how quirky and unforgiving code can be. “If the capital ‘T’ in line 666 had been a small ‘t,’ that would also have prevented the hack,” he says. Jentzsch has many regrets but insists no one was aware of the specific problems in lines 666-667 (other observers had pointed to flaws in other lines, just not here). Had more people looked, “it would have made no difference at all,” he says. “If you don’t know what to look for in a security audit, you won’t find it.” Even Gün, who had it in his grasp, let it go. “I still missed it,” he says. Green’s emotions are still raw related to Gün. “I actually got really pissed at him about this,” Green says. “He started bragging about how he found the bug.” He adds that it was “very irresponsible of him to not tell anyone of his inkling.” Still, Green “respects the hell out of Gün” and says they’ve since made amends. Asked to recount that night last June as he lay sick in bed, Gün says, “I came away from this thinking there’s potentially an issue.” But he’d consulted Daian, his grad student (“whom I trust”). Daian had said it’s “not exploitable.” Gün says that had he been certain of the danger, “I would have told people.” In a blog post that explained the mechanics of the DAO heist Daian published the night of the attack, he gave a shoutout to his professor in the acknowledgments. “Gün, we were so damn close—sorry it wasn’t quite enough this time :),” Daian wrote. As for the attacker (whoever he or she or they are) and the ethereum classic booty, Gün says, “Great, wonderful, he should cash out.” The hard fork proved it wasn’t just the DAO that needed to be fixed, but the ethereum blockchain itself. He says: “The fault lies somewhere on the system side as well.” But the fear that smart contracts are too clever by half and that by extension so is the ethereum blockchain itself—prevalent in the days following the DAO attack—has dissipated. At least that’s the market’s verdict, judging by the price of ether. After the attack, it traded from $10 to $12 for about nine months. Then in March it took off; it’s valued at $341.19 as of June 12. (That would have valued the DAO at $4.1 billion, but let’s not even go there.) Ethereum classic has risen as well, and it now trades for $18.71. Both versions of ether remain viable, in other words. The thief holds one; the revisionists, the other. Going forward, the choice is really: Whom would you rather believe? Since the hard fork, the attacker ended up making off with his ethereum classic. That means he got away with about $67.4 million, assuming the stash hasn’t been sold. Not too shabby, 0xF35e2cC8E6523d683eD44870f5B7cC785051a77D.
Leising covers market structure at Bloomberg News in New York.
To contact the author of this story: Matthew Leising inNew York at [email protected] To contact the editor responsible for this story: Joel Weber at [email protected]
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Why should you invest in BlockMason?

Today I want to talk to you about why BlockMason Credit Protocol is a good investment. There are a few points that I want to talk about that will help showcase the value in BCPT.
In a short amount of time BlockMason will release their rebranded app called 'LNDR'. This is how it works: You send a debt to a friend, they confirm, and the amount is stored securely on the blockchain platform. BlockMason is run on the Ethereum platform, and benefits from stability, encryption, and permanent recording and tracking. This is a next step in blockchain technology, because working with debt and credits has huge potential. In the future you can also stake your BCPT that can generate transactions that run the dapps onto the Credit Protocol. These transactions can be sold in the future to companies that have dapps on top of the Credit Protocol.
The Team:
There are 3 co-founders on the blockmason team, Timothy Galebach, Jared Bowie, and Michael Chin.
Timothy Galebach; Co-Founder
Timothy is a startup founder, technical expert, and business development specialist, with a particular focus on data-driven ventures and automated infrastructure. He is currently the owner and founder of Almond Media Solutions, a technology consulting firm in the e-commerce and display advertising space. Timothy graduated from Harvard University in 2007, with a degree in Computer Science, and went on to work with a variety of startups and established companies in CTO roles. His primary focus was making large quantities of data visualizable and actionable for salespeople and internal business teams, and eliminating cost centers through aggressive optimization and automated data orchestration.
Jared Bowie; Co-Founder
Jared Bowie has been designing systems to coordinate distributed databases and peer to peer networks for more than 10 years. He was an early adopter of Bitcoin and invested in multiple altcoin mining operations. He became fascinated with the power of Ethereum when he began writing programs on its blockchain and is now convinced of its power to take over the world. Jared graduated from James Madison University with a major in philosophy. After graduation, obsessed with the convergence of big data and display advertising, he started his first digital advertising venture. Since then, Jared has written specialized software and proprietary algorithms to run successful multimillion dollar ad campaigns and manage remote teams based in Hong Kong, mainland China, and India.
Michael Chin; Co-Founder Michael graduated from Washington University in St. Louis magna cum laude with majors in Finance and Accounting. He has spent his entire career in the credit industry, beginning with J.P. Morgan principal mezzanine credit group in New York. Michael then transferred to J.P. Morgans’ Debt Capital Markets and Syndicated Leveraged Finance group in Hong Kong, helping Asian issuers with investment grade, high yield debt, and syndicated loan offerings. Then, Michael joined the Hong Kong office of Intermediate Capital Group (a FTSE 250 composite company), one of the pioneers of mezzanine debt in Europe, before helping co-found BlockMason.
They also have Anthony Di Iorio (co-founder of ethereum) as advisor of Blockmason.
Anthony Diiorio is a serial entrepreneur, VC, community organizer, and thought leader in the field of decentralized technologies. Born and raised in Toronto, Diiorio is the former Chief Digital Officer of the TMX Group and Toronto Stock Exchange, founder and CEO of Decentral, a software development company focused on blockchain technologies, and founder and CEO of Jaxx, a multi-token, blockchain interface that provides a unified experience across 9 platforms and devices. In 2013, Diiorio funded, and along with Vitalik Buterin and 3 others founded the smart contract platform Ethereum.
Anthony has been investing in cryptocurrencies and blockchain companies since 2012. In 2014, his project Ethereum raised $18 million, becoming the largest, completed crowdfunded project of its time. The market cap of Ethereum was recently valued at $30 billion. Over a 4-year span, Anthony’s blockchain and cryptocurrencies investments have yielded 2000x returns.
Since 2012, Diiorio has hosted over 100 technology event as well has spoken and keynoted events all over the world. Notable events he has organized include the first Canadian Bitcoin Expo in 2014 at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, and DEC_TECH events at MaRS Discovery District. In 2015, Anthony became a lecturer for the University of Nicosia's Master's program in Digital Currency and advisor at MaRS Fintech Cluster. He is involved in Deloitte’s Exponentials.xyz initiative, is a member of the Bitcoin Speakers Bureau for the Bitcoin Foundation, as well as a member of the Satoshi Roundtable, an annual retreat for the top 50 thought leaders in blockchain technology.
BCPT has 45 million circulating supply, and is sitting at a market cap of 10$ million, and is currently below it's ICO price. It was recently listed on Binance, and Kucoin, and is also available on Etherdelta.
The Blockmason team are also working on patents take on major industries. This is what the BCPT team are telling us about it: First: We are currently filing key patents with our legal team that will challenge multi-billion dollar industries. We have gone to great lengths to assure that there is no prior art, that our methods and processes are sound, and that the USPTO should look favorably on our applications and designs. While no outcome is 100% guaranteed we are bullish in the extreme on what this portends for the future of Blockmason. While we are building out this new IP that supports Credit Protocol and other internal BM efforts, we believe that our team will allow us to operate more effectively.
you can check their white paper here: https://blockmason.io/cp-whitepapeIntroduction-amp-Features
telegram: https://t.me/blockmason
twitter: https://twitter.com/blockmasonio
steemit: https://steemit.com/@blockmason
submitted by Cryptofan123 to blockmason [link] [comments]

My take on what happened with Neo & Bee, after visiting the company in February

Things have taken a dramatic turn for investors and employees with Neo & Bee. The gist of it is that CEO Danny Brewster has disappeared, and with him apparently thousands of bitcoins from investors. If the company is not salvaged, the reputation of Bitcoin on the island of Cyprus will be tainted, and hundreds of bitcoiners will see their investment fail.
This is ugly, there's no other way to put it.
I hope that my perspective below can help putting some of the pieces together as to what exactly happened.
Interactions with Danny and my trip to Cyprus for their branch opening
My first contact with Danny Brewster was in june 2013. We had a brief skype call in which he asked me some feedback about his plans for starting a Bitcoin company in Cyprus. I was quite skeptical at the time, because his profile and background in security didn't seem to match with my notion of a tech entrepreneur. I did agree with him that Cyprus was a very interesting location for a Bitcoin venture, and I wished him well.
Later last year, in early september, Danny informed me about the prospectus and public offering of Neo & Bee. I didn't pay much attention to this and didn't read the prospectus, as I was in Austin at the time helping out with Cointerra.
In november, he contacted me again with the question whether I wanted to speak about Bitcoin at their conference in Cyprus. Originally it was planned for january, later it was pushed back to late february. I booked the flights, and they were reimbursed to me in BTC by Danny.
The pieces of information Danny shared every now and then over skype were intriguing. He talked about his connections with the university, meetings with the minister of finance and other high brow people, how he had signed up a chain of 40 stores where Neo & Bee products could be offered, and more.
When I arrived in Cyprus in late February, Danny picked me up at the airport. In the kiosk there he showed me how all major newspapers had a 2 page wrapper over the front cover, featuring "Neo" in big letters. On the way to his house (he had invited me to stay at his place) we saw at least four big Neo bilboards flash by.
Danny drove a posh Bentley car that he'd imported from the UK. Once arriving at his luxurious but sparsely furnished rental home, I was greeted by his fiancé. At first I was surprised by the affluence he displayed that first day, but that faded when Danny told me he was an early Bitcoin and Litecoin adopter who'd invested thousands of his own coins into the company (since his disappearance, his personal btc wealth became very contested).
When Danny and I discussed the MtGox failure the day it made the news, I asked him how many worthless bitcoins he personally had left sitting in the exchange. He answered "365".
At another point during my stay, the Bitcoin price fell briefly to below $500, and when I told him about this, he set up a trade to allegedly buy over €80,000 in bitcoins while sitting in his office, taking profit a few hours later when the price had recovered. (I was at the other side of his desk, so I didn't see the actual trade happen.)
The evening of the first day, Danny drove me to Neo's headquarters, an impressive four story building in downtown Nicosia. The building was owned by Christos Vlachos, CFO of the University of Nicosia, who I met several times during my stay and who'd made headlines last year by being the first to launch an Masters' degree in Digital Currencies. The bottom floor of the building featured the Neo store, with furnished rooms in the back for staff meetings and sanitation. Next to the store there was a large floor where I saw at least 12 programmers at work, one of whom demonstrated to me a functioning beta version of Neo's teller backend software as well as the e-banking interface. Upstairs on the second floor I found Neo's headquarters, and on two floors above that there were a number of ad agencies, the largest of which had created the ad campaign for Neo.
Over the course of the three days I got to talk to about ten of the Neo employees. They struck me as quite professional, and they were obviously passionate about the company and about the prospects for Bitcoin in Cyprus. The impression that I got of the corporate culture was relaxed and open. Danny didn't seem to mind showing me emails or allowing me to be present in the office while he was discussing certain corporate decisions. In a skype message to a friend, I wrote on the 23rd: "I still need to find out whether these guys are casual geniuses, or clever cowboys".
After the opening event the next morning—about 120 people attended, and it was widely reported—, we traveled to a hotel/conference centre nearby for the Bitcoin conference. The turnout was impressive: about 200 professionals, many working for multinational corporations, banks, and even government agencies. The next day in Limasol, the same scenario repeated itself.
I left for London the following day.
How I found out about the problems at Neo & Bee
I was not aware of anything amiss with Neo until late last month when one of their investors asked me about the rumors that were circulating. That day I contacted Neo's management, and on sunday march 30th I got to talk to its COO and Compliance Officer (George Papageorgiou and Øystein Aaby). They told me the story as it was published today on reddit.
I also emailed CEO Danny later that day, asking him about his version of the facts. Surprisingly, I did get a short response (he also seems to have given Coindesk a short response), though he didn't answer my request for more details and contact info of the lawyers he mentioned.
Earlier this month I helped the former management with reaching out to various Bitcoin angels and funds, to see whether Neo & Bee can still be salvaged. The outcome of that process is uncertain.
Why I didn't investigate Neo & Bee's financial situation more thoroughly — though I should have
On February 23rd I asked Danny for clarification about the company's valuation. He said that Neo had +3,000BTC left from the IPO proceeds. Based on the numbers he told me, I calculated that the total valuation of the company was roughly 56,000 BTC, or $32.3M at the time, $2M of which were the publicly available shares. Despite the 3,000 bitcoins that were allegedly left, this valuation struck me as very high, and so from then on I didn't ask more because I had decided that this company not something I would be interested in as an investment.
The next month, on march 17, my attention was caught by the newly published Neo & Bee prospectus and the fact that they had received several inquiries from international parties that wanted to start franchise Neo stores (as per Danny). I decided to buy 250 shares at 0.8 BTC as a first investment just in case the international leg of the company would take off quickly. I disclosed that purchase on twitter. Ironically I made that purchase exactly the day before Danny disappeared.
In hindsight I definitely should have done due diligence before writing in such positive terms about Neo & Bee. That is a lesson I will certainly remember.
Final thoughts
Even though I never had any business relationships with Neo*, I do feel I have failed to take my responsibility as a public commentator seriously enough.
To wit, over the past two months I have talked repeatedly and positively about Neo & Bee and the Bitcoin ecosystem in Cyprus. I also visited the company headquarters on February 24th and 25th, and spoke about the experience on various public fora.
Though I never recommended anyone to invest in the company, and only did so myself for less than 1 BTC, I can imagine that my enthusiasm for the project, combined with my profile as an economist and investor helped convince a fair amount of people to make an investment or to maintain their trust in the company. I'm very sorry for any losses incurred because of that.
The lesson for me going forward, which I already knew but that I have now laser engraved into my brain, is that it is critical doing proper due diligence when making investment decisions. Excitement is never an indicator of viability or proper management. Sure, we all occasionally make an investment decision based on nothing more than a trusted reference. That's fine, as long as we keep these investments very small to manage their inherently high risk.
This episode has also reminded me, as I stated in my Buenos Aires talk last december, that investing in Bitcoin the currency is likely the most stable and maybe even the most profitable option going forward, because it avoids the bulk of the third party risks involved with Bitcoin ecosystem investments.
Best wishes,
Tuur Demeester
*My financial interactions with the company were thus: I was reimbursed for my flight with 0.27 BTC, and the compensation for speaking at the two Neo conferences was a surprise gift containing promotional materials including an €80 tablet pc, a writing pad, and a Neo T-shirt.
Here's the post I published on reddit during my visit late February: http://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/1ysbt6/a_quick_take_on_whats_happening_in_cyprus_now_im/
submitted by dtuur to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Hilo General de Bitcoin, despues del Hardfork, viene la evolución.

Hilo continuación del que venimos, para postear opiniones y noticias que no merecen hilo propio. Iré modificándolo poco a poco para dejarlo bien.
[QUOTE=Sr.Mojón;18954032][B][SIZE="5"]Hilo Oficial del Bitcoin[/SIZE][/B] [SIZE="5"][B][SIZE="4"][COLOR="Green"]XI Edition[/COLOR][/SIZE][/B][/SIZE]
[IMG]http://s3.amazonaws.com/gr-newsbtc-images/2016/01/19133429/Bitcoin-fees.jpg[/IMG]
[youtube]CtmbwKrQY8U[/youtube]
[I][SIZE="1"][COLOR="Gray"]100% genuine, original, unadulterated bitcoin, madafakas. Contraindicado y no apto para cardíacos o si usted padece del corazón[/COLOR][/SIZE][/I]
[B][SIZE="3"]Cotización en tiempo real[/SIZE][/B] [IMG]http://bitcoin.i-rme.es/api/price_image/price_forocoches.php#png[/IMG]
[SIZE="4"][B]Venimos de...[/B][/SIZE] [url]http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/854847-hilo-oficial-del-bitcoin-x-to-the-moon.html[/url] [url="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/709069-hilo-oficial-del-bitcoin-ix-ahora-mas-burbujas.html#post15408097"]Hilo oficial del Bitcoin (IX)[/url] - 07-nov-2015 [url="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/675253-hilo-oficial-del-bitcoin-viii.html"]Hilo oficial del Bitcoin (VIII)[/url] - 27-jul-2015 - [I][COLOR="Gray"](retornado del exilio político)[/COLOR][/I] [url="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/610897-hilo-oficial-del-bitcoin-vii.html"]Hilo oficial del Bitcoin (VII)[/url] - 13-ene-2015 [url="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/497459-hilo-oficial-del-bitcoin-vi.html"]Hilo oficial del Bitcoin (VI)[/url] - 14-ene-2014 [url="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/482709-hilo-oficial-del-bitcoin-v.html"]Hilo oficial del Bitcoin (V)[/url] - 27-nov-2013 [url="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/472578-hilo-oficial-del-bitcoin-iv.html"]Hilo oficial del Bitcoin (IV)[/url] - 24-oct-2013 [url="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/415715-hilo-oficial-del-bitcoin-iii.html"]Hilo oficial del Bitcoin (III)[/url] - 22-abr-2013 [url="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/412574-hilo-oficial-del-bitcoin-ii.html"]Hilo oficial del Bitcoin (II)[/url] - 11-abr-2013 [url="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/400662-hilo-oficial-bitcoin-i.html"]Hilo oficial del Bitcoin (I)[/url] - 06-mar-2013 [URL="http://www.burbuja.info/inmobiliaria/burbuja-inmobiliaria/236815-guia-absoluto-novato-bitcoin.html"]Guía para el absoluto novato en Bitcoin[/URL] - 02-jul-2011
[I]*En estos hilos hay gráficas y noticias de sus respectivas fechas.[/I]
[SIZE="4"][B]¿Que coño es bitcoin?[/B][/SIZE] [YOUTUBE]ceef71b0zSo[/YOUTUBE]
Los cimientos de BITCOIN: [youtube]ZDNZTiCtbIY[/youtube]
Ejemplo visual de una BlokChain: [url]https://anders.com/blockchain/blockchain.html[/url]
[B][URl]https://bitcoin.org/es/faq [/url] >>> What da FAQ oficial full nodo [url]https://www.privateinternetaccess.com/[/url] VPN [url]http://bloquezero.com/2015/11/20/calculadoras-mining-profit/[/url] [url]https://bitcoin.org/en/full-node[/url]
[B]Dificultad[/B] [URL="https://bitcoinwisdom.com/bitcoin/difficulty"]Bitcoinwisdom - Difficulty[/URL] [URL="http://bitcoin.sipa.be/"]Bitcoin Network Graphs[/URL]
[SIZE="4"][B]Charting y cotizaciones: [/B][/SIZE] [URL="https://bitcoinwisdom.com/"]Bitcoinwisdom[/URL] [URL="http://bitcoinity.org/markets"]Bitcoinity[/URL] [URL="https://www.tradingview.com/s/bitcoin/"]TradingView - Bitcoin[/URL] [URL="http://coinorama.net/"]Coinorama[/URL] [URL="http://bitcoincharts.com/markets/"]Bitcoin Charts[/URL] - [COLOR="SlateGray"]Historical data completa[/COLOR] [URL="https://cryptowat.ch/"]Cryptowat.ch[/URL] [URL="https://pizzacharts.com/"]Pizza Charts[/URL] [URL="https://bfxdata.com/"]BFXdata[/URL] [URL="http://bitcoin-analytics.com/"]Bitcoin Analytics[/URL] [url]https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/MYAGM1EZQ196N[/url]
[U]-.nuevos_2016:[/U] [url]https://coinmarketcap.com/[/url] [url]https://coin.dance/volume/localbitcoins[/url] [url]https://bitcoinity.org/markets/kraken/EUR[/url] [url]https://coin.dance/[/url] [url]https://tradeblock.com/bitcoin/[/url] [url]http://fiatleak.com/[/url] [url]https://www.kaiko.com/[/url] [url]https://bitcoinfees.21.co/[/url] ** ,muy interesante [url]https://blocks.wizb.it/[/url] [url]https://live.blockcypher.com/btc/[/url] [url=http://www.satoshi.24ex.com/]Satoshi Converter[/url] *Para saber el cálculo en usd/eur en unidades menores al Bitcoin. [url]https://www.cryptonator.com/converte[/url] *Para saber el cálculo entre fiat-cryptomonedas
[SIZE="4"][B]Noticias: [/B][/SIZE] [url]https://news.bitcoin.com/[/url] [url]http://www.coindesk.com/[/url] [url]http://criptonoticias.com/[/url] [url]https://forobits.com/c/bitcoin[/url] [url]https://cointelegraph.es/[/url]
[B][SIZE="4"]Trading[/SIZE][/B]
[B]Exchanges[/B] [URL="https://www.bitstamp.net/"]Bitstamp[/URL] - [COLOR="SlateGray"]SEPA[/COLOR] [URL="https://btc-e.com/"]BTC-e[/URL] - [COLOR="slategray"]SEPA[/COLOR] [URL="https://www.kraken.com/"]Kraken[/URL] - [COLOR="slategray"]SEPA[/COLOR] [URL="https://gemini.com/"]Gemini[/URL] - [COLOR="SlateGray"]USA[/COLOR] [URL="https://www.coinsetter.com/"]Coinsetter[/URL] - [COLOR="slategray"]USA[/COLOR] [URL="https://exchange.coinbase.com/"]Coinbase Exchange[/URL] - [COLOR="slategray"]USA[/COLOR] [URL="https://www.okcoin.com/"]OKCoin[/URL] - [COLOR="slategray"]China[/COLOR] [URL="https://huobi.com/"]Huobi[/URL] - [COLOR="slategray"]China[/COLOR] [URL="https://www.bitfinex.com/"]Bitfinex[/URL] - [COLOR="slategray"]Hong Kong[/COLOR] Mas..[url]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Digital_currency_exchange[/url]
[B]Herramientas[/B] [URL="https://centrabit.com/?m0prm=6"]QTBitcoinTrader[/URL] [URL="https://cryptotrader.org/"]Cryptotrader[/URL] - [COLOR="slategray"]Estrategias y bots para Quants[/COLOR] [URL="http://bitcoin-fee.sbrk.org/"]Fee Calculator[/URL] [URL="https://www.coinlistener.com/"]Alertas[/URL] [url]https://ark.io/[/url]
[B][SIZE="4"]Gurus de Bitcoin:[/SIZE][/B]
Andreas Antonopoulos Charlie Shrem Peter Thiel Arvin Narayand
[B][SIZE="4"]Cursos:[/SIZE][/B] -. [url]http://www.truthcoin.info/papers/truthcoin-whitepaper.pdf[/url] (paper sobre una sidechain que servirá para incluir un sistema descentralizado de oráculos en Bitcoin.) In-depth Udemy Course(over 8 hours of video tutorials) -. [url]https://www.udemy.com/bitcoin-or-how-i-learned-to-stop-worrying-and-love-crypto[/url] Coursera Cryptocurrency Course(61 videos in 11 sections) -.[url]https://www.coursera.org/learn/cryptocurrency[/url] Khan Academy Bitcoin Course(9 ~10 minute videos) -.[url]https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/core-finance/money-and-banking/bitcoin/v/bitcoin-what-is-it[/url] Bitcoin 101 Blackboard Series(over 7 hours of video tutorials) -. [url]https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLzctEq7iZD-7-DgJM604zsndMapn9ff6q[/url] Introduction to Bitcoin(3 hour course available via free trial) -. [url]https://www.pluralsight.com/courses/bitcoin-decentralized-technology[/url] Introduction toDigital Currency - MOOC offered by University of Nicosia -. [url]http://digitalcurrency.unic.ac.cy/free-introductory-mooc/[/url]
[B][SIZE="4"]Deep Dive Technical Resources: (pá los valientes):[/SIZE][/B] Bitcoin & Cryptocurrency Technologies (Princeton's 300 page textbook) [url]https://d28rh4a8wq0iu5.cloudfront.net/bitcointech/readings/princeton_bitcoin_book.pdf?a=1[/url] Bitcoin Developer Guide [url]https://bitcoin.org/en/developer-guide[/url] Bitcoin Ninja [url]http://bitcoin.ninja/[/url] Bitcoin Protocol Specification [url]http://enetium.com/resources/Bitcoin.pdf[/url] Epic List of Research Papers [url]https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1VaWhbAj7hWNdiE73P-W-wrl5a0WNgzjofmZXe0Rh5sg/edit?pli=1#gid=0[/url] How the Bitcoin Protocol Actually Works [url]http://www.michaelnielsen.org/ddi/how-the-bitcoin-protocol-actually-works/[/url] Mastering Bitcoin [url]https://github.com/aantonop/bitcoinbook/blob/develop/book.asciidoc[/url] Epic List of Bitcoin Books [url]https://github.com/McFrankline/Blockchain-stuff#bitcoin[/url] Epic List of Many Blockchain Books [url]https://github.com/McFrankline/Blockchain-stuff#blockchain-books[/url] Programming the Blockchain in C# [url]https://programmingblockchain.gitbooks.io/programmingblockchain/content/[/url]
[B][SIZE="4"]Documentales:[/SIZE][/B] Bitcoin Films [url]http://bitcoinfilm.org/documentaries/[/url] Bitcoin in Uganda BrRXP1tp6Kw Inside Man with Morgan Spurlock [url]http://www.disclose.tv/action/viewvideo/198650/Morgan_Spurlock__Living_On_Bitcoin__The_Inside_Man_Bitcoin_CNN_Full_Documentary/[/url] Life on Bitcoin [url]http://lifeonbitcoin.com/[/url] Life Inside a Secret Chinese Bitcoin Mine K8kua5B5K3I The Bitcoin Doco [url]http://thebitcoindoco.com/?p=202[/url] The Rise and Rise of Bitcoin [url]http://bitcoindoc.com/[/url]
[B][SIZE="4"]otras cosas de este año 2016:[/SIZE][/B] [url]http://themerkle.com/top-6-ways-of-losing-bitcoin-funds-if-youre-not-careful/[/url]
[url]https://opendime.com/[/url] is a small USB stick that allows you to spend Bitcoin like a dollar bill. Pass it along multiple times. Connect to any USB to check balance. Unseal anytime to spend online. Trust no one.
[url]https://github.com/amper5and/secrets.js/[/url] It can be used to split any "secret" (i.e. a password, text file, Bitcoin private key, anything) into n number of "shares" (each the same size in bits as the original secret), requiring that exactly any number t ("threshold") of them be present to reconstruct the original secret.
[U]Compra rapida Por Claudius:[/U]
Y por ultimo:
[I]P.D1:*¿que puede pasar si se amplia el Tamaño de Bloque?[/I] [url]https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/3cgft7/largest_transaction_ever_mined_999657_kb_consumes/[/url]
P.D2:[url]https://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin/comments/5609tu/1st_test_on_lightning_network_between_rusty/[/url] [I](primer ejemplo de lightning_network)[/I]
explicacion del video anterior: [SPOILER]Todo lo hace en la testchain de Bitcoin. Abre un canal con 0'04 testcoins y efectua el pago de 10000 milisatoshis para comprar la ya famosa imagen de los gatitos viendo la luna.
No hay transacción de vuelta, es símplemente un pago que se ha realizado a través del canal que habían abierto.
En la blockchain (en realidad, en la testchain, puesto que se está utilizando la cadena de bloques para pruebas que tiene Bitcoin) se ha realizado una transacción, que es la transacción necesaria que hay que hacer para establecer el canal.
La transacción de compra de la imagen (la de los 10000 milisatoshis) es la que se hace fuera de la cadena de bloques.
A ver, el canal se establece por un importe de 0'04 bitcoins (testcoins, en realidad). Una vez realizada la transacción de 10000 milibitcoins en la lightning network, el balance de ese canal cambia a 0'04 bitcoins - 10000 milibitcoins.
Pero lo bueno del asunto es que el canal de pagos es bidireccional y, se supone, que formará parte de una red (la lightning network) de manera que el balance se irá reajustando conforme las transacciones de la red vayan necesitando hacer uso de dicho del canal de pago que has abierto.
Cuando cualquiera de las dos partes decida cerrar el canal, entonces el balance que contenga en ese instante será el que se fijará en la cadena de bloques.
Las transacciones que emplean el canal de pago son "off blockchain", esto es, se realizan sin necesidad de ser reflejadas en la cadena de bloques. La única transacción que ha necesitado utilizar la cadena de bloques es la necesaria para crear el canal.
El canal no se ha cerrado, ha permanecido abierto.[/SPOILER] P.D 3:
P.D 4: Los iré añadiendo poco a poco que son un huevo: [url]https://sites.google.com/site/bitcoinsig/resources[/url]
P.D.5:[/QUOTE]
submitted by sirpask to btces [link] [comments]

[uncensored-r/Bitcoin] Bitcoin is fraudulent and nothing but insider Trading ...NO, Researchers find that one person lik...

The following post by Theguy3993 is being replicated because the post has been silently removed.
The original post can be found(in censored form) at this link:
np.reddit.com/ Bitcoin/comments/7qqmjt
The original post's content was as follows:
Yeah ok keep pumping out the articles about this so funny I would bet the articles stating bitcoin went to 1000$ on fraudulent money is 100% posted by insider traders or Wall St.. And Its no secret Wall St is driven by insider trading. Heck you can watch a documentary that shows how they do insider trading using loopholes of having a couple people down the line get the info that they "donate" money to for information. But anyways I just wanted to post another rant and laugh... Also, if you want to claim bitcoin is fraudulent based on a couple people who traded 36 million dollars worth of a coin worth 250 Billion on average give or take 50 billion or 0.000144% of bitcoin then I guess all banks should close tomorrow since 90% of all money banks handle have traces of cociane on them and clearly came from fraudulent places.
Again, I will state bitcoin will rise and fall like it always does pretty much only falling from fake news pumped in sync with sell offs to try to get more for cheap, and thats fine its so obvious to me also I have traded since before Mt.Gox and the coins never went to its peak and stayed there untill after the fall of Mt.Gox. The timeline may show that right before Mt.gox froze the price of BTC was going up. Until around that time but anyone who used MT.Gox knows that no one could move, trade or withdraw there funds long before it was froze and it finally froze from the lawsuits regarding this so essentially Mt.Gox was out of the game.
And for those who like facts here you are I will include the links also
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_bitcoin#2013
"On 15 May 2013, the US authorities seized accounts associated with Mt. Gox after discovering that it had not registered as a money transmitter with FinCEN in the US.[52][53]
On 17 May 2013, it was reported that BitInstant processed approximately 30 percent of the money going into and out of bitcoin, and in April alone facilitated 30,000 transactions,[54]
On 23 June 2013, it was reported that the US Drug Enforcement Administration listed 11.02 bitcoins as a seized asset in a United States Department of Justice seizure notice pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 881.[55] It is the first time a government agency has claimed to have seized bitcoin.[56][57]
In July 2013 a project began in Kenya linking bitcoin with M-Pesa, a popular mobile payments system, in an experiment designed to spur innovative payments in Africa.[58] During the same month the Foreign Exchange Administration and Policy Department in Thailand stated that bitcoin lacks any legal framework and would therefore be illegal, which effectively banned trading on bitcoin exchanges in the country.[59][60] According to Vitalik Buterin, a writer for Bitcoin Magazine, "bitcoin's fate in Thailand may give the electronic currency more credibility in some circles", but he was concerned it didn't bode well for bitcoin in China.[61]
On 6 August 2013, Federal Judge Amos Mazzant of the Eastern District of Texas of the Fifth Circuit ruled that bitcoins are "a currency or a form of money" (specifically securities as defined by Federal Securities Laws), and as such were subject to the court's jurisdiction,[62][63] and Germany's Finance Ministry subsumed bitcoins under the term "unit of account"—a financial instrument—though not as e-money or a functional currency, a classification nonetheless having legal and tax implications.[64]
In October 2013, the FBI seized roughly 26,000 BTC from website Silk Road during the arrest of alleged owner Ross William Ulbricht.[65][66][67] Two companies, Robocoin and Bitcoiniacs launched the world's first bitcoin ATM on 29 October 2013 in Vancouver, BC, Canada, allowing clients to sell or purchase bitcoin currency at a downtown coffee shop.[68][69][70] Chinese internet giant Baidu had allowed clients of website security services to pay with bitcoins.[71]
In November 2013, the University of Nicosia announced that it would be accepting bitcoin as payment for tuition fees, with the university's chief financial officer calling it the "gold of tomorrow".[72] During November 2013, the China-based bitcoin exchange BTC China overtook the Japan-based Mt. Gox and the Europe-based Bitstamp to become the largest bitcoin trading exchange by trade volume.[73]
In December 2013, Overstock.com[74] announced plans to accept bitcoin in the second half of 2014. On 5 December 2013, the People's Bank of China prohibited Chinese financial institutions from using bitcoins.[75] After the announcement, the value of bitcoins dropped,[76] and Baidu no longer accepted bitcoins for certain services.[77] Buying real-world goods with any virtual currency has been illegal in China since at least 2009.[78]"
In fact I was trading the Down swings around this time and remember it quite clearly and the price most deffinatly did not shoot up with any relation to Mt.Gox if anything Mt.Gox was the reason for the fall from the news and panic!
Also, WAKE UP PEOPLE. Wall St's total value is what 2.7 Trillion that took like 100 years to get. Does no one else realize the magnitude of Bitcoin to them. Bitcoin in 10 years or less including its many other Coins under it is worth 658-758Billion or 0.65-0.75T in 1/10th the time Wall St did it and its getting bigger all the time.
I've said it before and Ill say it again there scared because Bitcoin, (and altcoin), traders are used to volatility, We can loose 70% of our gains or investment in a day or an hour and still keep on truckin. But that type of volatility scared the pants off the big traders because they also have investors to explain these situations to and they have no merits to base there explanations on since nothing in the real world short of good and bad news or money in and money out of coins affects the prices very much. And for this reason Wall St will never like it and the fact its outside of there nice controlled systems they designed that benefit the rich and rape the poor. And this new system which does not allow credit, or BS is a new realm to them. Sure there might be some insider trading some of the time but the order books and live stats are available to anyone and everyone equally, unlike stocks where you need crazy memberships just to get short 15 minute delayed stats on the live markets and only the top accounts with over 50,000$ invested can even dream about getting anything better. And you have to pay 6.99-24.99 Per trade the lesser being for the 50k investor, leaving no learning curve for the small guys. So in my opinion its still a way better system and anyone can easily do some research like I have today and not panic sell from every little BS article and simple trade for yourselves. And Bitcoin to Altcoin trades BTW will cost you 0.06-0.08% and Bitcoin/Altcoin to USD (Or your Currency) will cost you 0.18-0.24% on most exchanges or platforms.
If you've read my rant this far I thank you for your time. Some article just really grind my gears :D
PS - Below is some handy trading platforms and tools
I would also like to take a moment just to say anyone interested in a FreeTrading Platform should check out Qt Bitcoin Trader from source forge. Or if your a bit more advanced there is a nice program you can try for free and the trial is the the same as the full version (I have used both since I bought it shortly after) and that is called LeonarDo by margin software a very talented German company.
Qt Bitcoin Trader - https://sourceforge.net/projects/bitcointrade Leonardo - https://marginsoftware.de/product.html
submitted by censorship_notifier to noncensored_bitcoin [link] [comments]

01-16 16:43 - 'Bitcoin is fraudulent and nothing but insider Trading ...NO, Researchers find that one person likely drove Bitcoin from $150 to $1,000 ....NO. Try more FUD' (self.Bitcoin) by /u/Theguy3993 removed from /r/Bitcoin within 564-574min

'''
Yeah ok keep pumping out the articles about this so funny I would bet the articles stating bitcoin went to 1000$ on fraudulent money is 100% posted by insider traders or Wall St.. And Its no secret Wall St is driven by insider trading. Heck you can watch a documentary that shows how they do insider trading using loopholes of having a couple people down the line get the info that they "donate" money to for information. But anyways I just wanted to post another rant and laugh... Also, if you want to claim bitcoin is fraudulent based on a couple people who traded 36 million dollars worth of a coin worth 250 Billion on average give or take 50 billion or 0.000144% of bitcoin then I guess all banks should close tomorrow since 90% of all money banks handle have traces of cociane on them and clearly came from fraudulent places.
Again, I will state bitcoin will rise and fall like it always does pretty much only falling from fake news pumped in sync with sell offs to try to get more for cheap, and thats fine its so obvious to me also I have traded since before Mt.Gox and the coins never went to its peak and stayed there untill after the fall of Mt.Gox. The timeline may show that right before Mt.gox froze the price of BTC was going up. Until around that time but anyone who used MT.Gox knows that no one could move, trade or withdraw there funds long before it was froze and it finally froze from the lawsuits regarding this so essentially Mt.Gox was out of the game.
And for those who like facts here you are I will include the links also
[link]1
"On 15 May 2013, the US authorities seized accounts associated with Mt. Gox after discovering that it had not registered as a money transmitter with FinCEN in the US.[52][53]
On 17 May 2013, it was reported that BitInstant processed approximately 30 percent of the money going into and out of bitcoin, and in April alone facilitated 30,000 transactions,[54]
On 23 June 2013, it was reported that the US Drug Enforcement Administration listed 11.02 bitcoins as a seized asset in a United States Department of Justice seizure notice pursuant to 21 U.S.C. § 881.[55] It is the first time a government agency has claimed to have seized bitcoin.[56][57]
In July 2013 a project began in Kenya linking bitcoin with M-Pesa, a popular mobile payments system, in an experiment designed to spur innovative payments in Africa.[58] During the same month the Foreign Exchange Administration and Policy Department in Thailand stated that bitcoin lacks any legal framework and would therefore be illegal, which effectively banned trading on bitcoin exchanges in the country.[59][60] According to Vitalik Buterin, a writer for Bitcoin Magazine, "bitcoin's fate in Thailand may give the electronic currency more credibility in some circles", but he was concerned it didn't bode well for bitcoin in China.[61]
On 6 August 2013, Federal Judge Amos Mazzant of the Eastern District of Texas of the Fifth Circuit ruled that bitcoins are "a currency or a form of money" (specifically securities as defined by Federal Securities Laws), and as such were subject to the court's jurisdiction,[62][63] and Germany's Finance Ministry subsumed bitcoins under the term "unit of account"—a financial instrument—though not as e-money or a functional currency, a classification nonetheless having legal and tax implications.[64]
In October 2013, the FBI seized roughly 26,000 BTC from website Silk Road during the arrest of alleged owner Ross William Ulbricht.[65][66][67] Two companies, Robocoin and Bitcoiniacs launched the world's first bitcoin ATM on 29 October 2013 in Vancouver, BC, Canada, allowing clients to sell or purchase bitcoin currency at a downtown coffee shop.[68][69][70] Chinese internet giant Baidu had allowed clients of website security services to pay with bitcoins.[71]
In November 2013, the University of Nicosia announced that it would be accepting bitcoin as payment for tuition fees, with the university's chief financial officer calling it the "gold of tomorrow".[72] During November 2013, the China-based bitcoin exchange BTC China overtook the Japan-based Mt. Gox and the Europe-based Bitstamp to become the largest bitcoin trading exchange by trade volume.[73]
In December 2013, Overstock.com[74] announced plans to accept bitcoin in the second half of 2014. On 5 December 2013, the People's Bank of China prohibited Chinese financial institutions from using bitcoins.[75] After the announcement, the value of bitcoins dropped,[76] and Baidu no longer accepted bitcoins for certain services.[77] Buying real-world goods with any virtual currency has been illegal in China since at least 2009.[78]"
*** In fact I was trading the Down swings around this time and remember it quite clearly and the price most deffinatly did not shoot up with any relation to Mt.Gox if anything Mt.Gox was the reason for the fall from the news and panic!
Also, WAKE UP PEOPLE. Wall St's total value is what 2.7 Trillion that took like 100 years to get. Does no one else realize the magnitude of Bitcoin to them. Bitcoin in 10 years or less including its many other Coins under it is worth 658-758Billion or 0.65-0.75T in 1/10th the time Wall St did it and its getting bigger all the time.
[link]2
I've said it before and Ill say it again there scared because Bitcoin, (and altcoin), traders are used to volatility, We can loose 70% of our gains or investment in a day or an hour and still keep on truckin. But that type of volatility scared the pants off the big traders because they also have investors to explain these situations to and they have no merits to base there explanations on since nothing in the real world short of good and bad news or money in and money out of coins affects the prices very much. And for this reason Wall St will never like it and the fact its outside of there nice controlled systems they designed that benefit the rich and rape the poor. And this new system which does not allow credit, or BS is a new realm to them. Sure there might be some insider trading some of the time but the order books and live stats are available to anyone and everyone equally, unlike stocks where you need crazy memberships just to get short 15 minute delayed stats on the live markets and only the top accounts with over 50,000$ invested can even dream about getting anything better. And you have to pay 6.99-24.99 Per trade the lesser being for the 50k investor, leaving no learning curve for the small guys. So in my opinion its still a way better system and anyone can easily do some research like I have today and not panic sell from every little BS article and simple trade for yourselves. And Bitcoin to Altcoin trades BTW will cost you 0.06-0.08% and Bitcoin/Altcoin to USD (Or your Currency) will cost you 0.18-0.24% on most exchanges or platforms.
If you've read my rant this far I thank you for your time. Some article just really grind my gears :D
PS - Below is some handy trading platforms and tools
I would also like to take a moment just to say anyone interested in a FreeTrading Platform should check out Qt Bitcoin Trader from source forge. Or if your a bit more advanced there is a nice program you can try for free and the trial is the the same as the full version (I have used both since I bought it shortly after) and that is called LeonarDo by margin software a very talented German company.
Qt Bitcoin Trader - [link]3 Leonardo - [link]4
'''
Bitcoin is fraudulent and nothing but insider Trading ...NO, Researchers find that one person likely drove Bitcoin from $150 to $1,000 ....NO. Try more FUD
Go1dfish undelete link
unreddit undelete link
Author: Theguy3993
1: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_bitcoin#2013 2: www*w***dcoinind*x.*om/ 3: s*u*c*forge*ne*/*roje*ts/bitc*intr**e 4: ma**insof*ware.de*p**duct.ht**
Unknown links are censored to prevent spreading illicit content.
submitted by removalbot to removalbot [link] [comments]

Neo meets w/ Parliament of Cyprus (English translation).

Thank you Zambetis!
[–]zambetis 1 point 1 hour ago
A slightly more polished translation:
The House Commerce Committee reviewed the issue of bitcoin, which in recent months has drawn the attention of the entire planet with respect to its role, the regulation that will need to be considered and the dangers that exist for anyone who deals with the currency. Institutional representatives, the Central Bank, the SEC and representatives from NEO, the company that brought bitcoin to Cyprus, were present.
Central Bank: Stelios Giorgakis of the Central Bank stated before the Commerce Committee that it is not under the CBC's authority to regulate bitcoin. "Since we're not talking about a currency, it is not something that concerns us. In legal terms, bitcoin is not a currency and therefore it is not something we are considering. Neither is it electronic money, so even in that respect we are not considering it. But it should be reviewed as a payments system. Therefore we must wait from the European authorities to see what is bitcoin exactly and who should regulate it. We might eventually conclude that bitcoin is an asset such as oil or gold."
University of Nicosia: On behalf of the university which accepts bitcoin, Christos Vlachos said: "We have many students from abroad studying online. Many foreign students have asked us to pay their fees in bitcoin. This made ​​us review and ultimately decide to adopt bitcoin at our university." Moreover, the representative of the University of Nicosia said: "We are the first university worldwide that accepts payments with bitcoin, we are the first to offer a post-graduate degree for digital currencies and submitted concrete proposals for the role bitcoin can play in Cyprus." "Bitcoin is a decentralized global asset. At times various attempts were made to create something similar, but only bitcoin managed to evolve so much. Many have adopted it, but it is still nascent and has not reached the general public. Just as Google and Yahoo tried to bring the internet to the masses, several companies are trying to bring bitcoin to the world", said the representative of the University of Nicosia. Additionally, Mr Vlachos said: "Think of two people who do not know each other and do not trust each other. Bitcoin brings the two sides together without intermediaries from anywhere in the world. As a university we accept it as payment. As a means of payment, one of bitcoin's many applications, it has many advantages: it is cheaper, faster and easier for transactions." "The university does not express any position on bitcoin as an investment. There are risks as with all investments," the representative of the University of Nicosia noted. Indeed, it was reported that three months ago the University of Nicosia filed a complete proposal to the government to create an industry with many jobs and revenue for Cyprus, with minimal investment by the state.
Kostas Kosta of AKEL (Communist Party) asked the representative of the University of Nicosia: "How come so many universities in the world do not adopt bitcoin and only in Cyprus there is such a move?". Christos Vlachos of the University of Nicosia said: "You can see many articles in renowned media such as the Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg and Reuters. We studied and read about bitcoin and took our decision to adopt the currency as payment at our university. Within the next years there will be big changes and research on the subject from universities and companies around the world."
SEC: SEC President Demetra Kalogirou, taking the floor, said: "It will take a long time before we can decide how much the virtual currency should concern us. As a means of investment it concerns us but not as a means of payment. As a means of payments it mainly concerns the Central Bank. For the SEC and at a European level it is something that concerns us because bitcoin is already used as an investment. Since it is not classified as a currency or other security, the SEC can not give permission to companies to make derivatives with bitcoin. It is premature for us to take a position. Nevertheless, we have issued some warnings for investors to know what risks exist from trading and investing in bitcoin. There are also large fluctuations in the price of bitcoin and this is a risk. For example, it was worth over $1,000 at some time and then the value fell to 400, and therefore someone suddenly lost a lot of money. We are also concerned with the potential problem of money laundering. For example, if someone goes to a bitcoin exchange with a black bag full of euros and gets bitcoins and then buys cars in another country, no one knows where the money came from. Anonymity is a big issue regarding the bitcoin».
Angelos Votsis of the Democratic Party asked the President of the SEC "Who determines how many bitcoins are in the market? Until now there is a specific number of the product so if someone creates more of them, will the price of the existing number drop sharply?" Ms. Kalogirou replied that this is a matter of the university that accepts these payments, but they should probably convert their bitcoins directly into euros in order to avoid risk. The representative of the University of Nicosia agreed with this, explaining how the payment process works, saying that the institution simply uses bitcoin as a means of payment.
A representative of NEO at the Commerce Committee said: "If you came to our store with the knowledge that you now have, I would say that you should spend two weeks reading about bitcoin and then come back again. In our store we talk about all parameters and all the risks associated with bitcoin. We do not give investment advice, we only suggest an alternative payment system. Bitcoin has no issuing authority and is merely a contract between the persons dealing with bitcoin». Ever since the NEO store opened in Nicosia, about 100 people have expressed an interest in bitcoin, the NEO representative said, adding that: "There is great interest from companies and we are in contact with them to resolve the questions regarding bitcoin».
On behalf of the Hotel and Tourism Industry , Zacharias Ioannides said: "Change always frightens and worries people. We see something new in the world market. As a sector we operate in a global economy and would like to have this payment option available to our Customers. Already there are requests from people who want to book hotel rooms for the summer with bitcoins. We want the institutions of Cyprus to give us answers so we can use safeguards that will protect both businesses and consumers. We want protection from wallet thefts."
The Association of Cyprus Travel Agents said: "We are concernced about bitcoin because there is demand for it as a payment option. At the same time, we see competition from foreign platforms that already accept payments with bitcoin». A representative of the Ministry of Finance had this to say about bitcoin: «The MOF is in contact with European authorities and other ministries of the EU to adopt any European level decision on bitcoin»
A VAT representative stated that there is no taxation and that is something that troubles the European countries. The Banks Association stated: "We do not offer this product but we are concerned about it, because a client of ours could be a provider or user of bitcoin. However, we need to know where a certain deposit comes from and so there is interest in the issue. When there is a deposit in excess of 10,000, we as banks monitor the deposit." Furthermore, an explanation was given on how deposits from customers are monitored. "If I know that a client of mine makes a 10,000 deposit and suddenly makes a 30,000 deposit, then we look into where the money came from. Moreover, the anonymity of digital currencies concerns us and we are looking ways out of such situations."
The general manager of the Cyprus Stock Exchange Nodas Metaxas said: "By definition, these electronic products are not currencies. However, they are something we will come across and will have to study and decide upon soon. We need to institutionalize a dialogue to see how we move forward".
submitted by throwup3 to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

4/10/14 Video News - China & BTC, Bitcoin Tax Solutions, Libra & BitInvest Coincards

http://www.moneyandtech.com/apr10-news-update/
Here are your top news stories today in Money & Tech:
Bitcoin prices plunged again today, this time as much as 10%, as more Chinese banks confirmed rumors and sent out official deposit shutdown notices to bitcoin businesses, including exchanges BTCTrade, BTC100.org and Huobi. The People’s Bank of China, however, continues to offer no official statement. And BTC China CEO Bobby Lee confirms that they still haven’t received any official word, maintaining their promise to operate in full until they do. Lee reiterates that this is not the end, but rather “a cooling off period,” and that they “are still very excited.”
April 15th is also a big day for the US. Tyson Cross of Bitcoin Tax Solutions is partnering with BitcoinTaxes, to create the first specialized preparation service for cryptocurrency users and help them navigate the recent IRS tax ruling. The new service will automatically monitor purchases and mining income through the blockchain, then calculate short-term and long-term capital gains, and prepare your tax files, all while offering expert tax advice and planning throughout the process.
Bitcoin startup Libra is also building a user-friendly tax solution, which can automatically track your transaction history and calculate your capital gains in accordance with the new IRS regulations. Libra won’t be ready to launch until the third quarter, but founder and CEO Jake Benson promises it will at least be ready quote “in time for the extended tax deadline, so we advise everyone to file for an extension this year.”
Brazil digital currency exchange BitInvest is introducing a new pre-paid MasterCard called the Coincard which actually holds bitcoins, and can be used at any location that accepts MasterCard. This launch date hasn’t been announced yet, but will be timed nicely with the upcoming World Cup, allowing visitors coming into the country for the games to buy things during their stay without the hassle of exchange rates.
Netsolus announced at Inside Bitcoins NY this week that it has begun creating a custom data center for industrial mining customers, which will “be bringing close to 20 megawatts online.” 1 megawatt alone would be enough to power 1,000 homes. The hosting and data center provider already earns 75% of its profits from bitcoin customers, and offers a total of about 3 megawatts of power capacity across its existing five data centers and various custom bitcoin mining sites.
Law and Business school professors at NYU are designing a new course for this coming Fall term called “The Law and Business of Bitcoin and Other Cryptocurrencies” which would join similar programs such as Khan Academy’s online course “Bitcoin: What is it?” and in Cyprus, the University of Nicosia’s digital currency master’s program.
This year, annual tech startup award show The Europas is adding a brand new category for the “Best Virtual Currency Startup”. The event’s founder, Mike Butcher, who is also TechCrunch’s “Editor At Large,” is very confident about this new category, saying “you’d have to live under a rock not to realise that digital currency is potentially one of the biggest tech trends in the last 20 years.”
In our effort to bring you regulatory updates and insights this week, we interviewed CoinApex CEO and co-founder Alex Waters about his newest startup CoinValidation. Find that video here shortly.
submitted by moneyandtech to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Bitcoin after year 2140 Andreas Antonopoulos: Bitcoin - The Future of Money - Disrupt 2013 - Athens, Greece MSc in Digital Currency - University of Nicosia - YouTube Is Bitcoin a commodity-backed currency? Bitcoin History: The Complete History of Bitcoin Part 8

University Of Nicosia Bitcoin Bitcoin Price History Data What Is Bitcoin Chart Bitcoin Trading For The Day How Much Is A Bitcoin Transaction Fee University Of Nicosia Bitcoin Bitcoin Conversion Site Bitcoin Trading Rate Bitcoin Meme Make Bitcoin Wallet. Last updated: 2020-07-14 10:04:49. The University of Nicosia in Cyprus has announced that it will accept bitcoin for the payment of tuition and other fees. The university, also known as UNic, is not only the first accredited For that reason the University created the company Block.co which is specialized in the verification of documents and degrees on the bitcoin blockchain.” “In 2016, we had the first graduates from the MSc in Digital Currency and in the next year, we were the first university to have all its degrees, verifiable on the bitcoin blockchain.” New student from South Africa uses Bitcoin to pay tuition toward online MBA degree. Nicosia, Cyprus (December 5, 2013) – A few days after the University of Nicosia (“UNic”) announced that it is the first accredited university in the world to accept Bitcoin for payment of tuition and fees, a recently enrolled international student has made the first tuition payment to UNic using the The University of Nicosia, which is located in the Mediterranean island nation of Cyprus, announced today that it will allow students to pay tuition in Bitcoin, the first higher education

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Bitcoin after year 2140

Topics include: Bitcoin in 2015 Blockchain education at the University of Nicosia His book Failed financial and political systems in Africa Inflation in Nigeria Black market exchange rate Bitcoin ... - (Nov 2013) The University of Nicosia announced that it would be accepting bitcoin as payment for tuition fees - (Nov 2013) Bitcoin became worth the price of an ounce of gold MOOC 13, Session 4, Feb 13th, 2020 with Andreas Antonopoulos on: Bitcoin in Practice -Part I. - Duration: 1:05:11. MSc in Digital Currency - University of Nicosia 977 views 1:05:11 Bitcoin and the currency trinity (medium of exchange, store of value, unit of account) - Duration: 10:22. MSc in Digital Currency - University of Nicosia 92 views New The University of Nicosia is running the first MSc Degree in Digital Currency offered to students worldwide through an online format since Spring 2014. The M...

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